Depressive symptoms among the medically hospitalized older individuals — a 1-year follow-up study
Article first published online: 16 APR 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume 28, Issue 2, pages 199–207, February 2013
How to Cite
Helvik, A.-S., Engedal, K. and Selbæk, G. (2013), Depressive symptoms among the medically hospitalized older individuals — a 1-year follow-up study. Int. J. Geriat. Psychiatry, 28: 199–207. doi: 10.1002/gps.3811
- Issue published online: 7 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 16 APR 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 29 DEC 2011
- Norwegian Ministry of Health and Care Services
- Innlandet Hospital Trust
- activities of daily living
The present follow-up study of older medically hospitalized patients from a rural area in Norway assessed the prevalence of depressive symptoms at 1-year follow-up and furthermore explored whether depressive symptoms at follow-up was associated with change in the medical, functional or emotional situation between baseline and follow-up.
A 1-year follow-up study included 363 (175 men) older medical inpatients with age range 65–98 (mean = 80.2; standard deviation (SD) = 7.5) years. Information was collected at baseline and follow-up using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD), the Mini-Mental State Examination, Lawton and Brody's scales for physical self-maintenance and performance of the instrumental activities of daily living.
The prevalence of depressive symptoms, as defined by a score ≥ 8 at HAD-D, was 10% at baseline and 7% at follow-up. Of those with depressive symptoms at baseline, 78% had experienced remission. The incidence of depressive symptoms at follow-up was 5%. In logistic regression analyses adjusted for age, gender, and depressive symptoms at baseline, becoming or being in need of assistance from nursing or social services (odds ratio (OR) = 8.1, 95% CI: 1.9–34.2 and OR = 4.4, 95% CI: 1.1–17.4, respectively), having a cognitive decline (OR = 1.1, 95% CI: 1.0–1.3), and exhibiting poorer physical self-maintenance (OR = 1.2, 95% CI: 1.0–1.3), becoming vision impaired (OR = 8.3, 95% CI: 2.8–25.0), and with increased anxiety (OR = 1.2, 95% CI: 1.0–1.3) during follow-up was associated with depressive symptoms at follow-up.
The 1-year follow-up study of older medical inpatients contributes to the research body regarding risk factors of depression in older people. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.