Does religiousness and spirituality moderate the relations between physical and mental health among aging prisoners?
Article first published online: 8 AUG 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume 28, Issue 7, pages 710–717, July 2013
How to Cite
Allen, R. S., Harris, G. M., Crowther, M. R., Oliver, J. S., Cavanaugh, R. and Phillips, L. L. (2013), Does religiousness and spirituality moderate the relations between physical and mental health among aging prisoners?. Int. J. Geriat. Psychiatry, 28: 710–717. doi: 10.1002/gps.3874
- Issue published online: 5 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 8 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Received: 2 APR 2012
- Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Grant Number: R36 HS016218-01
- functional status;
We examined positive and negative religious coping as moderators of the relation between physical limitations, depression, and desire for hastened death among male inmates incarcerated primarily for murder.
Inmates over the age of 45 years who passed a cognitive screening completed face-to-face interviews (N = 94; mean age = 57.7 years; SD = 10.68). Multiple regression analyses included age, race/ethnicity, parole belief, physical health, positive or negative religious coping, and all two-way interactions represented by the product of health and a religious coping variable.
Older inmates and those who reported greater levels of positive religious coping endorsed fewer symptoms of depression, whereas those who reported greater levels of negative religious coping endorsed more symptoms of depression. Inmates who reported higher levels of depression endorsed a greater desire for hastened death. The effect of physical functioning on desire for hastened death is moderated by negative religious coping such that those who endorsed higher levels of negative religious coping reported a greater desire for hastened death.
Examinations of religious/spiritual practices and mindfulness-based interventions in prison research have assumed a positive stance with regard to the potential impact of religious/spiritual coping on physical and mental health. The current findings provide cautionary information that may further assist in selection of inmates for participation in such interventions. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.