Evaluation of a standardized humor group in a clinical setting: a feasibility study for older patients with depression
Article first published online: 7 NOV 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume 28, Issue 8, pages 850–857, August 2013
How to Cite
Konradt, B., Hirsch, R. D., Jonitz, M. F. and Junglas, K. (2013), Evaluation of a standardized humor group in a clinical setting: a feasibility study for older patients with depression. Int. J. Geriat. Psychiatry, 28: 850–857. doi: 10.1002/gps.3893
- Issue published online: 7 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 7 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 26 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Received: 15 JUN 2012
- humor therapy;
- depressive disorder;
- geriatric patients;
- state and trait cheerfulness
Positive effects of humor on older patients with depressive symptoms have been repeatedly reported. Empirical evidence however is rare. We investigated the efficacy of a standardized humor therapy group in a clinical context especially for older depressed patients.
Patients and methods
An experimental group with treatment (49 patients) was compared with a control group with no treatment (50 patients) in a semi-randomized design. Included were patients with major depression according to ICD-10. A set of questionnaires (Geriatric Depression Scale, Short Form Health Survey, State-Trait-Cheerfulness Inventory, and Satisfaction with Life Scale) was administered pretreatment and posttreatment.
Both groups showed improvement for depression, suicidal tendency, state cheerfulness, and state bad mood. Only participants of the humor group showed changes of state seriousness and satisfaction with life (p < 0.05). Further trends could be demonstrated for higher changes in state cheerfulness and resilience for the humor group.
Our results indicate an additional benefit of this specific therapeutic intervention for older depressed patients. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.