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Keywords:

  • 99mTc-ECD;
  • 18F-FDG;
  • SPECT;
  • PET;
  • dementia;
  • NIA-AA

Objectives

The purpose of this study was to clarify the concordance of diagnostic abilities and interobserver agreement between 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and brain perfusion single photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) who were diagnosed according to the research criteria of the National Institute of Aging-Alzheimer's Association Workshop.

Methods

Fifty-five patients with “AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI)” (n = 40) and “non-AD” (n = 15) were evaluated with 18F-FDG PET and 99mTc-ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD) SPECT during an 8-week period. Three radiologists independently graded the regional uptake in the frontal, temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes as well as the precuneus/posterior cingulate cortex in both images. Kappa values were used to determine the interobserver reliability regarding regional uptake.

Results

The regions with better interobserver reliability between 18F-FDG PET and 99mTc-ECD SPECT were the frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes. The 99mTc-ECD SPECT agreement in the occipital lobes was not significant. The frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes showed good correlations between 18F-FDG PET and 99mTc-ECD SPECT in the degree of uptake, but the occipital lobe and precuneus/posterior cingulate cortex did not show good correlations. The diagnostic accuracy rates of “AD and MCI” ranged from 60% to 70% in both of the techniques.

Conclusions

The degree of uptake on 18F-FDG PET and 99mTc-ECD SPECT showed significant correlations in the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes. The diagnostic abilities of 18F-FDG PET and 99mTc-ECD SPECT for “AD and MCI,” when diagnosed according to the National Institute of Aging-Alzheimer's Association Workshop criteria, were nearly identical. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.