Magnetite deformation mechanism maps for better prediction of strain partitioning

Authors

  • J. L. Till,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institut de Minéralogie et de Physique des Milieux Condensés, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
    2. Institute for Rock Magnetism, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    • Corresponding author: J. L. Till, Institut de Minéralogie et de Physique des Milieux Condensés, Case 115, Campus Jussieu, 4 Place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France. (jessica.till@impmc.upmc.fr)

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  • Bruce Moskowitz

    1. Institute for Rock Magnetism, Department of Earth Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
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Abstract

[1] A meta-analysis of existing experimental deformation data for magnetite and other spinel-structured ferrites reveals that previously published flow laws are inadequate to describe the general deformation behavior of magnetite. Using updated rate equations for oxygen diffusion in magnetite, we present new flow laws that closely predict creep rates similar to those found in deformation experiments and that can be used to predict strain partitioning between cubic Fe oxides and other phases in the Earth's crust. New deformation mechanism maps for magnetite have been constructed as functions of temperature and grain size. Using the revised creep parameters, estimates of strain partitioning between magnetite, ilmenite, and plagioclase indicate that concentrated zones of Fe-Ti oxides in oceanic crust near slow-spreading ridges could accommodate significant amounts of strain at moderate temperatures and may contribute to aseismic creep along spreading-segment faults.

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