SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ammann, M., R. Siegwolf, F. Pichlmayer, M. Suter, M. Saurer, C. Brunold (1999), Estimating the uptake of traffic-derived NO2 from 15N abundance in Norway spruce needles, Oecologia, 118, 124131.
  • Bateman, A. S., and S. D Kelly, (2007), Fertilizer nitrogen isotope signatures, Isotopes Environ. Health Stud., 43(3): 237247. doi:10.1080/10256010701550732.
  • Elliott, E. M., C. Kendall, S. D. Wankel, D. Burns, E. W. Boyer, K. Harlin, D. J. Bain, and T. J. Butler (2007), Nitrogen isotopes as indicators of NOx source contributions to atmospheric nitrate deposition across the Midwestern and northeastern United States, Environ. Sci. Technol., 41, 76617667.
  • Elliott, E. M., C. Kendall, E. W. Boyer, D. A. Burns, G. G. Lear, H. E. Golden, K. Harlin, A. Bytnerowicz, T. J. Butler, and R. Glatz (2009), Dual nitrate isotopes in dry deposition: Utility for partitioning NOx source contributions to landscape nitrogen deposition, J. Geophys. Res., 114, G04020, doi:10.1029/2008JG000889.
  • European Commission Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution and Clean Air. (2005).
  • Felix, J. D., E. M. Elliott, and S. Shaw (2012), Nitrogen isotopic composition of coal-fired power plant NOx: Influence of emission controls and implications for global emission inventories, Environ. Sci. Technol..
  • Fertilizers Europe. Annual Forecast 2009. (2010), www.fetilizerseurope.com January 2010.
  • Freyer, H. D. (1978), Seasonal trends of NH4+ and NO3 nitrogen isotope composition in rain collected at Julich, Germany, Tellus, 30, 8392.
  • Freyer, H. D. (1991), Seasonal variation of 15N/14N ratios in atmospheric nitrate species, Tellus, 43B, 3044.
  • Galloway, J. N., et al. (2004), Nitrogen cycles: Past, present, and future, Biogeochemistry, 70, 153226.
  • Hastings, M. G., E. J. Steig, and D. M. Sigman (2004) Seasonal variations in N and O isotopes of nitrate in snow at Summit, Greenland: Implications for the study of nitrate in snow and ice cores. Journal Of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 109.
  • Hastings, M. G., J. C. Jarvis, and E. J. Steig, (2009), Anthropogenic impacts on nitrogen isotopes of ice-core nitrate, Science, 324, 1288, doi:10.1126/science.1170510.
  • Hastings, M. G. (2010), Evaluating source, chemistry and climate change based upon the isotopic composition of nitrate in ice cores. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 9.
  • Holland, E. A., F. J. Dentener, H. B. Braswell, and J. M. Sulzman (1999), Contemporary and pre-industrial global reactive nitrogen budgets. Biogeochemistry 46(1/3), 743
  • Holtgrieve, G. W., et al. (2011), A coherent signature of anthropogenic nitrogen deposition to remote watersheds of the northern hemisphere. Science 334, 1545 DOI: 10.1126/science.1212267
  • Hudman, R. C., A. Russell, L. Valin, and R. Cohen (2010), Interannual variability in soil nitric oxide emissions over the United States as viewed from space, Atmos. Chem. Phys., doi:10.5194/acp-10-9943-2010.
  • Jaeglé, L., L. Steinberger, R. V. Martin, and K. Chance. (2005), Global partitioning of NOx sources using satellite observations: Relative roles of fossil fuel combustion, biomass burning and soil emissions, Faraday Discuss., 130, 407433, doi:10.1039/b502128f.
  • Kahl, J. D. W., D. A. Martinez, H. Kuhns, C. I. Davidson, J. L. Jaffrezo, and J. M. Harris (1997), Air mass trajectories to Summit, Greenland: A 44-year climatology and some episodic events, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 26,86126,875,
  • Kendall, C., E. M. Elliott, and S.D. Wankel (2007), Tracing anthropogenic inputs of nitrogen to ecosystems, in Stable Isotopes in Ecology and Environmental Science, edited by R. Michener and K. Lajtha, pp. 375449, Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA.
  • Lamsal, L. N., R. V. Martin, van A. Donkelaar, V. Celarier, E. J. Bucsela, K. F. Boersma, R. Dirksen, C. Luo, and Y. Wang , (2010), Indirect validation of tropospheric nitrogen dioxide retrieved from the OMI satellite instrument: Insight into the seasonal variation of nitrogen oxides at northern midlatitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D05302, doi:10.1029/2009JD013351.
  • Li, D., and X. Wang. (2008), Nitrogen isotopic signature of soil-released nitric oxide (NO) after fertilizer application, Atmos. Environ., 42, 47474754.
  • Mann, C. (1997), Reseeding the green revolution, Science, 277:10381043
  • Marland G., T. A. Boden, and R. J. Andres, (2008), Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, TN.
  • McConnell, J. R., R. Edwards, G. Kok, M. Flanner, C. Zender, E. Saltzman, J. Banta, D. Pasteris, M. Carter, and J. Kahl (2007), 20th-century industrial black carbon emissions altered arctic climate forcing, Science, 317, 13811384.
  • McElroy, M. B. (2002), The Atmospheric Environment: Effects of Human Activity, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
  • Redling, K. M., E. M. Elliott, D. J. Bain, and J. Sherwell (2012), ”Highway contributions tonreactive nitrogen deposition: Tracing the fate of vehicular NOx using stable isotopes and plant biomonitors”. In review, Biogeochemistry.
  • Park, S., et al. (2012), Trends and seasonal cycles in the isotopic composition of nitrous oxide since 1940, Nature Geosci., 5, 261265, doi:10.1038/NGEO1421.
  • Pearson, J., D. M. Wells, K. J. Seller, A. Bennett, A. Soares, J. Woodall, and M. J. Ingrouille (2000), Traffic exposure increases natural 15N and heavy metal concentrations in mosses, New Phytol., 147, 317326.
  • Röthlisberger, R. et al. (2002) Nitrate in Greenland and Antarctic ice cores: A detailed description of post-depositional processes, Ann. Glaciol., 35, 209216
  • Schumann, U., and H. Huntrieser (2007), The global lightning-induced nitrogen oxides source. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 38233907.
  • Thibert, E., and F. Domine (1998) Thermodynamics and kinetics of the solid solution of HNO3 in ice, Journal of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, 102: 44324439.
  • U.S. Department of Commerce 1975. (1975), Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970. Washington, DC.
  • U.S. Department of Commerce Census 1970–2010. (2010), http://www.census.gov March 2010.
  • U.S. Energy Information Administration (2009), U.S. Energy Information Administration/Annual Energy Review 2009. Table 10.2a Renewable Energy Consumption: Residential and Commercial Sectors, 1949–2009 DOE/EIA-0384 (August 2010).
  • U.S. EPA. (1998), National Air Pollutant Emission Trends, 1900–1998.
  • U.S. EPA. (2010), EPA Primary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Nitrogen Dioxide. Final Rule Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 26 / Tuesday, February 9, 2010 / Rules and Regulations.
  • Veldkamp, E., and M. Keller (1997), Fertilizer induced nitric oxide emissions from agricultural soils. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst. 48: 6977.