We present evidence that sea surface temperatures in the North Pacific, South Atlantic, and South Indian Oceans during late boreal winter offer another important source of predictability for El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO). This new SST predictor may provide accurate prediction of the amplitude of ENSO events before their onset, for both El Niño and La Niña events which occurred during recent decades.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.