• Cayan, D. R., K. T. Redmond, and L. G. Riddle (1999), ENSO and hydrologic extremes in the western United States, J. Clim., 12, 28812893.
  • Cook, E. R., J. E. Cole, R. D. D'Arrigo, D. W. Stahle, and R. Villalba (1999), Tree ring records of past ENSO variability and forcing, in El Niño and the Southern Oscillation: Multiscale Variability and its Impacts on Natural Ecosystems and Society, edited by H. F. Diaz and V. Markgraf, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, U.K. in press.
  • Donner, L. J., B. L. Wyman, R. S. Hemler, L. W. Horowitz, Y. Ming, M. Zhao, J.-C. Golaz, et al. (2011), The dynamical core, physical parameterizations, and basic simulation characteristics of the atmospheric component AM3 of the GFDL global coupled model CM3, J. Clim., 24(13), 34843519, doi:10.1175/2011JCLI3955.1.
  • Douville, H., D. Salas-Mélia, and S. Tyteca (2006), On the tropical origin of uncertainties in the global land precipitation response to global warming, Clim. Dyn., 26, 367385.
  • Gershunov, A., and T. Barnett (1998a), ENSO influence on intraseasonal extreme rainfall and temperature frequencies in the contiguous US: Observations and model results, J. Clim., 11, 15751586.
  • Gershunov, A., and T. Barnett (1998b), Interdecadal modulation of ENSO teleconnections, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 79, 27152725.
  • Gershunov, A., and D. Cayan (2003), Heavy daily precipitation frequency over the contiguous United States: Sources of climate variability and seasonal predictability, J. Clim., 16, 27522765, doi:10.1175/1520- 0442(2003)016 < 2752:HDPFOT > 2.0.CO ;2.
  • Graham, N. E. (1994), Decadal-scale climate variability in the tropical and North Pacific during the 1970s and 1980s—Observations and model results, Clim. Dyn., 10, 135162.
  • Gualdi, S., A. Alessandri, and A. Navarra (2005), Impact of atmospheric horizontal resolution on El Niño Southern Oscillation forecasts, Tellus, Ser. A, 57(A), 357374.
  • Hu, Q., and S. Feng (2012), AMO and ENSO driven summertime circulation and precipitation variations in North America, J. Clim., 25, 64776495, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00520.1.
  • Kug, J.-S., Y.-G. Ham, J.-Y. Lee, and F.-F. Jin (2012), Corrigendum: Improved simulation of two types of El Niño in CMIP5 models, Environ. Res. Lett., 7(3), 039502, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/3/039502.
  • Langenbrunner, B., and J. Neelin (2013), Analyzing ENSO teleconnections in CMIP models as a measure of model fidelity in simulating precipitation, J. Clim., doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00542.1, in press.
  • Mantua, N. J., S. R. Hare, Y. Zhang, J. M. Wallace, and R. C. Francis (1997), A Pacific interdecadal climate oscillation with impacts on salmon production, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 78, 10691079, doi:10.1175/1520- 0477(1997)078 < 1069: APICOW > 2.0.CO;2.
  • McCabe, G. J., and M. D. Dettinger (1999), Decadal variations in the strength of ENSO teleconnection with precipitation in the Western United States, Int. J. Climatol., 19, 13991410.
  • Meehl, G. A., G. J. Boer, C. Covey, M. Latif, and R. J. Stouffer (2000), The coupled model intercomparison project (CMIP), Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 81, 313318.
  • Mo, K.C., J.-K. Schemm, H. M. H. Juang, R. W. Higgins, and Y. Song (2005), Impact of model resolution on the prediction of summer precipitation over the United States and Mexico, J. Clim., 18, 39103927,
  • Rotstayn, L. D., M. A. Collier, M. R. Dix, Y. Feng, H. B. Gordon, S. P. O'Farrell, I. N. Smith, et al. (2010), Improved simulation of Australian climate and ENSO-related rainfall variability in a global climate model with an interactive aerosol treatment, Int. J. Climatol., 30(7), 10671088, doi:10.1002/joc.1952.
  • Schneider, N., and B. D. Cornuelle (2005), The forcing of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, J. Clim., 18, 43554373.
  • Schneider, U., A. Becker, A. Meyer-Christoffer, M. Ziese, and B. Rudolf (2011), Global precipitation analysis products of the GPCC. [Available at]
  • Smith, T. M., R. W. Reynolds, T. C. Peterson, and J. Lawrimore (2008), Improvements to NOAA's historical merged land-ocean surface temperature analysis (1880–2006), J. Clim., 21, 22832296.
  • Swetnam, T. W., and J. L. Betancourt (1998), Mesoscale disturbance and ecological response to decadal climatic variability in the American southwest, J. Clim., 11, 31283147.
  • Taylor, K. E., R. J. Stouffer, and G. A. Meehl (2012), An Overview of CMIP5 and the experiment design, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 93(4), 485498, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00094.1.
  • Westerling, A., and T. Swetnam (2003), Interannual to decadal drought and wildfire in the western United States, EOS, 84, 545560.
  • Zhang, Y., Y. Qian, V. Duliere, E. Salathe, and L. Leung (2012), ENSO anomalies over the Western United States: present and future patterns in regional climate simulations, Clim. Change, 110, 315346.