Attribution of observed sea level pressure trends to greenhouse gas, aerosol, and ozone changes

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  • The copyright line for this article was changed on 13 APR 2015 after original online publication.

Abstract

[1] Human influence on atmospheric sea level pressure (SLP) has previously been detected globally, but the contributions of greenhouse gas, aerosol, and ozone changes to the observed trends have not been separately identified. We use simulations from eight climate models to show that greenhouse gas, aerosol, and ozone changes each drive distinct seasonal and geographical patterns of trends, which are separately detectable in observed seasonal SLP trends over the 1951–2011 period. This detection is driven by significant low-latitude SLP responses to greenhouse gas, aerosol, and ozone changes, as well as the more frequently-studied high latitude responses. These results aid in understanding past atmospheric circulation changes, and have potential to improve projections of future circulation changes.

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