Remotely induced warming of Antarctic Bottom Water in the eastern Weddell gyre
Article first published online: 10 JUN 2013
©2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Geophysical Research Letters
Volume 40, Issue 11, pages 2755–2760, 16 June 2013
How to Cite
2013), Remotely induced warming of Antarctic Bottom Water in the eastern Weddell gyre, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 2755–2760, doi:10.1002/grl.50526., , , , , , , and (
- Issue published online: 3 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 10 JUN 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 2 MAY 2013 12:11PM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 APR 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 28 APR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 28 FEB 2013
- Southern Ocean;
- Cape Darnley
 Four repeat hydrographic sections across the eastern Weddell gyre at 30°E reveal a warming (by ~0.1°C) and lightening (by ~0.02–0.03 kg m−3) of the Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) entering the gyre from the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean between the mid-1990s and late 2000s. Historical hydrographic and altimetric measurements in the region suggest that the most likely explanation for the change is increased entrainment of warmer mid-depth Circumpolar Deep Water by cascading shelf water plumes close to Cape Darnley, where the Indian-sourced AABW entering the Weddell gyre from the east is ventilated. This change in entrainment is associated with a concurrent southward shift of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current's (ACC) southern boundary in the region. This mechanism of AABW warming may affect wherever the ACC flows close to Antarctica.