Additional supporting information may be found in the online version of this article.

2013gl056092fs01.epsPS document202KDaily values of (a) shortwave radiation, (b) longwave radiation, (c) sensible heat flux, (d) latent heat flux, and (e) total net surface heat flux at the air-sea interface (in W m-2). Overplotted on latent heat flux is surface wind speed in (m s-1) as a red curve, with scale inverted.
2013gl056092fs02.epsPS document279KTime longitude plot of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) at the top of the atmosphere (in W m-2). Blues represent deep convection and rainy conditions while reds and yellows represent clear sky conditions. Ovals indicate eastward progression of variations associated with the Madden-Julian Oscillation for active phases (solid lines) and suppressed phases (dashed lines). Adapted from Climate Prediction Center (2013).

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