The source-rupture process of the 2011 Ibaraki-oki earthquake was estimated from the joint inversion of the strong-motion and global positioning system (GPS) data. The estimated seismic moment and maximum slip are 7.8 × 1020 Nm (Mw 7.9) and 6.3 m, respectively. The total rupture duration is approximately 30 s. The derived source model has one large slip area, which is surrounded by the subducted seamount and the northeastern edge of the Philippine Sea plate. From this model, we concluded that the rupture propagation of the 2011 Ibaraki-oki earthquake was stopped by the seamount and the Philippine Sea plate. We also showed the possibility of the rupture of this event being the reactivation of the preexisting asperity of an event that occurred in 1923.