Elastic envelopes of porous sandstones

Authors


Corresponding author: J. Fortin, Laboratoire de Géologie, Ecole Normale Supérieure, CNRS, UMR 8538, Paris, France. (fortin@geologie.ens.fr)

Abstract

[1] In this paper we focus on the case of sandstones for which many experimental data are available. We present a simple 2‒D model derived from granular media mechanics. This model assumes that the granular microstructure is a key point to understand the mechanical behavior. We consider a periodic grain network and focus on the first‒order neighbors of a given grain. These approximations are sufficient to explain the overall mechanical behavior in the Q versus P stress space. In the low pressure range, the controlling micromechanism is assumed to be tensile failure at grain contacts. The “dilatant” envelope is found to be a straight line in the stress space. In the high pressure range, the controlling micromechanism is assumed to be grain fragmentation. The “compactant” envelope is found to be a straight line in the stress space. We observed that this 2‒D model slightly overestimates Q versus P slopes determined experimentally (2.3 instead of 1.5), which can be explained by the approximations made.

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