Correction to “Revisiting the Earth's sea-level and energy budgets from 1961 to 2008”

Authors

  • John A. Church,

  • Neil J. White,

  • Leonard F. Konikow,

  • Catia M. Domingues,

  • J. Graham Cogley,

  • Eric Rignot,

  • Jonathan M. Gregory,

  • Michiel R. van den Broeke,

  • Andrew J. Monaghan,

  • Isabella Velicogna

Errata

This article corrects:

  1. Revisiting the Earth's sea-level and energy budgets from 1961 to 2008 Volume 38, Issue 18, Article first published online: 16 September 2011

[1] In the paper “Revisiting the Earth's sea-level and energy budgets from 1961 to 2008” by John A. Church et al. (Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L18601, doi:10.1029/2011GL048794, 2011), the 0–700 m thermosteric sea level and ocean heat content time series, updated from Domingues et al. [2008], did not reflect global estimates because the contribution from the South Indian Ocean was accidentally omitted. This error does not lead to visible differences in Figure 2a or Table 2 and only contributes to a minimal difference in Figure 3. However, it does affect the shallow ocean (larger by 22%–24%), the total ocean (larger by 13%–14%), the total storage (larger by 12%–13%), and the total forcing minus total storage (reduced by 3%) terms in Table 2. The corrected Table 2 is reproduced below. The overall conclusions are also not affected by the above error. The corrected time series (version 2.0) used herein are available at http://www.cmar.csiro.au/sealevel/thermal_expansion_ocean_heat_timeseries.html.

Table 2. The Earth's Heat Budgeta
Component1972–20081993–2008
  1. a

    The integrated changes in the heat storage and the radiative forcing are in units of 10+21 J. The total forcing minus the total storage is the amount of energy that must be balanced by the aerosol cooling (or other climate forcing).

  2. b

    Bold numbers indicate sum of other rows, as indicated in first column.

Shallow ocean (0–700 m)137.157.0
Deep ocean (700–3000 m)49.720.7
Abyssal ocean (3000 m bottom)30.712.8
Total ocean storage217.5b90.5
Glaciers (Latent only)3.01.7
Antarctica (Latent only)1.40.8
Greenland (Latent only)0.70.6
Sea ice2.51.0
Continents4.72.0
Atmosphere2.01.2
Total other storage14.27.3
Total storage231.797.8
Solar + Ozone + well-mixed GHGs1461.7709.6
Energy consumption13.06.5
Volcanic−207.8−14.6
Outgoing radiation−343.4−199.3
Total forcing923.6502.2
Total forcing − Total storage691.9404.4

Ancillary