Geophysical Research Letters

Cover image for Vol. 40 Issue 13

16 July 2013

Volume 40, Issue 13

Pages 3347–3489

  1. Regular Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Regular Articles
    3. Correction
    4. Regular Articles
    1. Space Sciences

      New approach for severe marine weather study using satellite passive microwave sensing (pages 3347–3350)

      Elizaveta V. Zabolotskikh, Leonid M. Mitnik and Bertrand Chapron

      Article first published online: 9 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50664

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      Key Points

      • Algorithm for atmospheric absorption retrieval from AMSR2 data is developed
      • Threshold value on atmospheric absorption can be used for severe weather masking
      • New weather masking can significantly improve ocean retrieval coverage
    2. Reconstructing the orbit of the Chelyabinsk meteor using satellite observations (pages 3351–3355)

      S. R. Proud

      Article first published online: 9 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50660

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      Key Points

      • Global satellite coverage allows rapid analysis of meteors
      • Cloud/trail altitude can be determined by satellite
      • Remote sensing data can be used to reconstruct meteor orbital elements
    3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Large three-dimensional ellipsoid sphere-shaped structure of electrostatic solitary waves in the terrestrial bow shock under condition of Ωcepe < < 1 (pages 3356–3361)

      S. Y. Li, S. F. Zhang, H. Cai, X. H. Deng, X. Q. Chen, M. Zhou and H. B. Yang

      Article first published online: 10 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50623

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      Key Points

      • 3-D ESWs is observed within the ramp of bow-shock
      • Two angle for the 3-dimentional structure of the ESWs (EHs) are defined
      • The ESWs are 3-D ellipsoid-sphere-shaped structure under condition of wce/wpe<<1
    4. Planets

      Small-scale magnetic fields on the lunar surface inferred from plasma sheet electrons (pages 3362–3366)

      Yuki Harada, Shinobu Machida, Yoshifumi Saito, Shoichiro Yokota, Kazushi Asamura, Masaki N. Nishino, Hideo Tsunakawa, Hidetoshi Shibuya, Futoshi Takahashi, Masaki Matsushima and Hisayoshi Shimizu

      Article first published online: 9 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50662

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      Key Points

      • Lunar small-scale magnetization can be inferred from plasma sheet electrons
      • Strong small-scale magnetization is related to large-scale magnetization
      • Small-scale magnetization may be ubiquitous over the lunar surface
    5. Solid Earth

      You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Intrusive dike complexes, cumulate cores, and the extrusive growth of Hawaiian volcanoes (pages 3367–3373)

      Ashton F. Flinders, Garrett Ito, Michael O. Garcia, John M. Sinton, Jim Kauahikaua and Brian Taylor

      Article first published online: 3 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50633

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      Key Points

      • A new compilation of marine and land gravity data in the Hawaiian islands
      • We calculate volumes of intrusive complexes and cumulate cores for all volcanoes
      • The majority of the islands (>30%) are built through extrusive flows
    6. Norwegian seiches from the giant 2011 Tohoku earthquake (pages 3374–3378)

      Stein Bondevik, Bjørn Gjevik and Mathilde B. Sørensen

      Article first published online: 3 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50639

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      Key Points

      • Norwegian fjords seiched in response to the 2011 Tohoku earthquake
      • The water waves in film clips resemble those simulated numerically
      • The seiching was triggered from the arrival of S waves
    7. Sediment undulations induced by free gas in muddy marine sediments: A modeling approach (pages 3379–3383)

      Regina Katsman

      Article first published online: 1 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50629

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      Key Points

      • Free gas in muddy sediment may induce sediment undulations down-slope
      • Fracturing changes sediment properties and creates a nonuniform stress field
      • Once originated by the creep, undulations can be enhanced by sediment deposition
    8. Linked frequency and intensity of persistent volcanic activity at Stromboli (Italy) (pages 3384–3388)

      J. Taddeucci, D. M. Palladino, G. Sottili, D. Bernini, D. Andronico and A. Cristaldi

      Article first published online: 3 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50652

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      Key Points

      • Tracking frequency and relative intensity of Strombolian explosions at Stromboli
      • Frequency and intensity correlate positively when time-averaged over hours-days
      • Rising input of magma/gas at depth raises both explosion frequency and intensity
    9. Coseismic offsets due to the 11 April 2012 Indian Ocean earthquakes (Mw 8.6 and 8.2) derived from GPS measurements (pages 3389–3393)

      Rajeev Kumar Yadav, Bhaskar Kundu, Kalpna Gahalaut, Joshi Catherine, Vineet K. Gahalaut, A. Ambikapthy and M. S. Naidu

      Article first published online: 9 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50601

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      Key Points

      • Coseismic offsets from GPS due to M 8.6, 2012 earthquake in Indian ocean
      • Coseismic offsets of about 2-4 cm in the Andaman Nicobar region
      • Seismic back projection rupture model is consistent with the coseismic offsets
  2. Correction

    1. Top of page
    2. Regular Articles
    3. Correction
    4. Regular Articles
    1. Solid Earth

      You have free access to this content
  3. Regular Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Regular Articles
    3. Correction
    4. Regular Articles
    1. Hydrology and Land Surface Studies

      GRACE satellite monitoring of large depletion in water storage in response to the 2011 drought in Texas (pages 3395–3401)

      Di Long, Bridget R. Scanlon, Laurent Longuevergne, Alexander Y. Sun, D. Nelun Fernando and Himanshu Save

      Article first published online: 3 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50655

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      Key Points

      • GRACE provides an excellent indicator of the impacts of the 2011 drought on TWS
      • The major contributor of TWS changes is SMS changes by comparing TWS with PDSI
      • GWS is a small fraction of TWS using ground-based estimates of GWS changes
    2. Statistical mechanics of wind wave-induced erosion in shallow tidal basins: Inferences from the Venice Lagoon (pages 3402–3407)

      Andrea D'Alpaos, Luca Carniello and Andrea Rinaldo

      Article first published online: 9 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50666

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      Key Points

      • Wind wave-induced resuspensions can be modeled as marked Poisson processes
      • Interarrival time, intensity & duration of wind-wave erosion are space dependent
      • Our results bear significant practical implications on tidal morphodynamics
    3. Dynamic ice formation in channels as a driver for stream-aquifer interactions (pages 3408–3412)

      Matthew D. Weber, Eric G. Booth and Steven P. Loheide II

      Article first published online: 12 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50620

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      Key Points

      • Dynamic ice formation causes fluctuating stream and aquifer water levels
      • Ice formation is an unidentified mechanism altering stream-aquifer interactions
      • Dynamic ice formation alters stream-aquifer interactions regularly during winter
    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Controls on recent Alaskan lake changes identified from water isotopes and remote sensing (pages 3413–3418)

      Lesleigh Anderson, Jean Birks, Jennifer Rover and Nikki Guldager

      Article first published online: 12 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50672

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      Key Points

      • Isotopes of lake water identify net water balance and dominant water sources
      • Most Yukon Flats lakes have evaporation losses that exceed 50% of inflow
      • Recent lake reductions can be explained by hydroclimatic variations
    5. Oceans

      Nutrient variability in Subantarctic Mode Waters forced by the Southern Annular Mode and ENSO (pages 3419–3423)

      Jennifer M. Ayers and Peter G. Strutton

      Article first published online: 1 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50638

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      Key Points

      • Subantarctic Mode Water nutrients vary interannually by 15-50% of the mean
      • Wind-driven circulation forces 40-65% of Pacific sector nutrient variability
      • Nutrient variability impacts downstream production and carbon drawdown
    6. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      The intensity, duration, and severity of low aragonite saturation state events on the California continental shelf (pages 3424–3428)

      C. Hauri, N. Gruber, A. M. P. McDonnell and M. Vogt

      Article first published online: 3 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50618

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      Key Points

      • Globally applicable metrics to characterize low saturation state events
      • Metrics are applied to regional U.S. West Coast model simulations
      • Intensity, duration and severity increase rapidly from 2010 to 2050
    7. On the detectability of internal waves by an imaging lidar (pages 3429–3434)

      J. M. Magalhaes, J. C. B. da Silva, M. Batista, L. Gostiaux, T. Gerkema, A. L. New and D. R. G. Jeans

      Article first published online: 3 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50669

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      Key Points

      • Lidar imaging scanner is capable to detect near surface internal waves
      • 2D lidar images reveal surfactants and air bubbles associated to internal waves
      • Lidar may be used to study small-scale processes involving air-sea interactions
    8. Infragravity waves in the deep ocean: An upward revision (pages 3435–3439)

      J. Aucan and F. Ardhuin

      Article first published online: 8 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50321

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      Key Points

      • Quantification of free infragravity in the deep ocean

      • Free infragravity energy is higher than previouly thought

    9. Climate

      Do extreme climate events require extreme forcings? (pages 3440–3445)

      Arun Kumar, Mingyue Chen, Martin Hoerling and Jon Eischeid

      Article first published online: 9 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50657

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      Key Points

      • Extreme climate forcings is not a necessary conditions for exteme events
      • Atmospheric noise alone can lead to climate extremes
      • Early warning systems may not always be feasible
    10. Is the trend in TEJ reversing over the Indian subcontinent? (pages 3446–3449)

      M. Venkat Ratnam, B. V. Krishna Murthy and A. Jayaraman

      Article first published online: 8 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50519

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      Key Points

      • Showed that Indian Summer Monsoon circulation has changed in recent past
      • Its effect on number of cyclones over Bay of Bengal is also going to change
      • ISM modelers/forecasters need to consider these issues in future modeling
    11. Characterizing decadal to centennial variability in the equatorial Pacific during the last millennium (pages 3450–3456)

      T. R. Ault, C. Deser, M. Newman and J. Emile-Geay

      Article first published online: 9 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50647

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      Key Points

      • NINO3.4 decadal variability is indistinguishable from multivariate red noise
      • Reconstructions and simulations disagree on the origin of centennial variance
      • The future of Pacific climate may be more uncertain than portrayed by models
    12. Atmospheric Science

      TRMM precipitation bias in extreme storms in South America (pages 3457–3461)

      Kristen L. Rasmussen, Stella L. Choi, Manuel D. Zuluaga and Robert A. Houze Jr.

      Article first published online: 9 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50651

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      Key Points

      • TRMM rain algorithm biases various types of extreme storms, not just deep ones
      • Rain biases from deep convection are greater than wide convection or stratiform
      • Convection containing significant precipitation ice is the most underestimated
    13. The Novaya Zemlya Bora and its impact on Barents Sea air-sea interaction (pages 3462–3467)

      G. W. K. Moore

      Article first published online: 1 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50641

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      Key Points

      • The high winds that occur near Novaya Zemlya are the result of a bora
      • It is similar to other observed bora as well as models of downslope windstorms
      • The bora's air-sea interaction impacts Barents Sea dense water formation
    14. Evidence of aqueous secondary organic aerosol formation from biogenic emissions in the North American Sonoran Desert (pages 3468–3472)

      Jong-Sang Youn, Zhen Wang, Anna Wonaschütz, Avelino Arellano, Eric A. Betterton and Armin Sorooshian

      Article first published online: 1 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50644

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      Key Points

      • Evidence of aqueous SOA formation in the Sonoran Desert
      • Biogenic emissions assist in WSOC formation in this desert region
      • WSOC production greatly exceeds that of sulfate during the monsoon season
    15. Evolution of ice crystal regions on the microscale based on in situ observations (pages 3473–3478)

      Minghui Diao, Mark A. Zondlo, Andrew J. Heymsfield, Stuart P. Beaton and David C. Rogers

      Article first published online: 3 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50665

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      Key Points

      • In-situ aircraft observations of cirrus ice crystal life cycle
      • Cirrus ice crystals mainly in sublimation relative to growth, nucleation phases
      • Simple method to convert aircraft observations to cloud life cycle
    16. Effect of CO2 inhibition on biogenic isoprene emission: Implications for air quality under 2000 to 2050 changes in climate, vegetation, and land use (pages 3479–3483)

      Amos P. K. Tai, Loretta J. Mickley, Colette L. Heald and Shiliang Wu

      Article first published online: 9 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50650

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      Key Points

      • Effect of CO2-isoprene interaction on air quality by year 2050 is simulated
      • CO2-isoprene interaction reduces ozone and aerosol sensitivity to climate
      • Human land use change will become a key driver for future air quality
    17. The preservation of atmospheric nitrate in snow at Summit, Greenland (pages 3484–3489)

      Dorothy L. Fibiger, Meredith G. Hastings, Jack E. Dibb and L. Gregory Huey

      Article first published online: 9 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/grl.50659

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      Key Points

      • Atmospheric nitrate is preserved in snow at Summit, Greenland
      • Oxygen isotope results suggest stratospheric O3 influences nitrate formation
      • A strong, linear relationship was found between 18-O and 17-O in nitrate

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