Foti et al. propose that a reward-related brain potential component recorded from scalp EEG is generated by deep brain basal ganglia structures. Previous work, cited in their original article, provides only speculative and theoretical support for this interpretation. Based on empirical and anatomical evidence, we argue that this scalp-recorded ERP component is highly unlikely to be generated by the basal ganglia. Hum Brain Mapp, 2011. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.