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Segregated and overlapping neural circuits exist for the production of static and dynamic precision grip force

Authors

  • Kristina A. Neely,

    1. Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
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  • Stephen A. Coombes,

    1. Department of Applied Physiology & Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
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  • Peggy J. Planetta,

    1. Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
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  • David E. Vaillancourt

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Applied Physiology & Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
    2. Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
    3. Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
    • Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition University of Illinois at Chicago 1919 West Taylor, 650 AHSB (M/C 994), Chicago, IL 60612
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Abstract

A central topic in sensorimotor neuroscience is the static-dynamic dichotomy that exists throughout the nervous system. Previous work examining motor unit synchronization reports that the activation strategy and timing of motor units differ for static and dynamic tasks. However, it remains unclear whether segregated or overlapping blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) activity exists in the brain for static and dynamic motor control. This study compared the neural circuits associated with the production of static force to those associated with the production of dynamic force pulses. To that end, healthy young adults (n = 17) completed static and dynamic precision grip force tasks during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Both tasks activated core regions within the visuomotor network, including primary and sensory motor cortices, premotor cortices, multiple visual areas, putamen, and cerebellum. Static force was associated with unique activity in a right-lateralized cortical network including inferior parietal lobe, ventral premotor cortex, and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. In contrast, dynamic force was associated with unique activity in left-lateralized and midline cortical regions, including supplementary motor area, superior parietal lobe, fusiform gyrus, and visual area V3. These findings provide the first neuroimaging evidence supporting a lateralized pattern of brain activity for the production of static and dynamic precision grip force. Hum Brain Mapp, 2013. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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