Emotional expressions in voice and music: Same code, same effect?
Article first published online: 16 APR 2012
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Human Brain Mapping
Volume 34, Issue 8, pages 1796–1810, August 2013
How to Cite
Escoffier, N., Zhong, J., Schirmer, A. and Qiu, A. (2013), Emotional expressions in voice and music: Same code, same effect?. Hum. Brain Mapp., 34: 1796–1810. doi: 10.1002/hbm.22029
- Issue published online: 8 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 16 APR 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 DEC 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 15 NOV 2011
- Manuscript Received: 25 NOV 2010
- theory of mind;
Scholars have documented similarities in the way voice and music convey emotions. By using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) we explored whether these similarities imply overlapping processing substrates. We asked participants to trace changes in either the emotion or pitch of vocalizations and music using a joystick. Compared to music, vocalizations more strongly activated superior and middle temporal cortex, cuneus, and precuneus. However, despite these differences, overlapping rather than differing regions emerged when comparing emotion with pitch tracing for music and vocalizations, respectively. Relative to pitch tracing, emotion tracing activated medial superior frontal and anterior cingulate cortex regardless of stimulus type. Additionally, we observed emotion specific effects in primary and secondary auditory cortex as well as in medial frontal cortex that were comparable for voice and music. Together these results indicate that similar mechanisms support emotional inferences from vocalizations and music and that these mechanisms tap on a general system involved in social cognition. Hum Brain Mapp, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.