• striatal atrophy;
  • pallidus atrophy;
  • diffeomorphic mapping;
  • surface registration;
  • surface-based morphometry

Huntington disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that involves preferential atrophy in the striatal complex and related subcortical nuclei. In this article, which is based on a dataset extracted from the PREDICT-HD study, we use statistical shape analysis with deformation markers obtained through “Large Deformation Diffeomorphic Metric Mapping” of cortical surfaces to highlight specific atrophy patterns in the caudate, putamen, and globus pallidus, at different prodromal stages of the disease. On the basis of the relation to cortico-basal ganglia circuitry, we propose that statistical shape analysis, along with other structural and functional imaging studies, may help expand our understanding of the brain circuitry affected and other aspects of the neurobiology of HD, and also guide the most effective strategies for intervention. Hum Brain Mapp 35:792–809, 2014. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.