DOES ACCESS TO IMPROVED SANITATION REDUCE CHILDHOOD DIARRHEA IN RURAL INDIA?
Article first published online: 22 MAR 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 22, Issue 4, pages 410–427, April 2013
How to Cite
Kumar, S. and Vollmer, S. (2013), DOES ACCESS TO IMPROVED SANITATION REDUCE CHILDHOOD DIARRHEA IN RURAL INDIA?. Health Econ., 22: 410–427. doi: 10.1002/hec.2809
- Issue published online: 6 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 22 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 FEB 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 23 DEC 2011
- Manuscript Received: 21 MAR 2011
- propensity score matching;
Almost nine million children under 5 years of age die every year. Diarrhea is considered to be the second leading cause of under-five mortality in developing countries. About one out of five deaths is caused by diarrhea. In this paper, we use the newly available data set District Level Household Survey 3 to quantify the impact of access to improved sanitation on diarrheal morbidity for children less than 5 years of age in India. Using propensity score matching, we find that access to improved sanitation reduces the risk of contracting diarrhea by 2.2 percentage points. There is considerable heterogeneity in the impacts of improved sanitation. We find statistically insignificant treatment effects for children in low or middle socioeconomic status households and for girls; however, boys and children in high socioeconomic status households experienced economically significant treatment effects. The magnitude of the treatment effect differs largely by hygiene behavior. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.