THE EFFECTS OF CHILDHOOD ADHD ON ADULT LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES
Article first published online: 21 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 23, Issue 2, pages 159–181, February 2014
How to Cite
Fletcher, J. M. (2014), THE EFFECTS OF CHILDHOOD ADHD ON ADULT LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES. Health Econ., 23: 159–181. doi: 10.1002/hec.2907
- Issue published online: 21 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 21 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 17 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Received: 8 NOV 2011
- labor market outcomes;
- sibling fixed effects
Although several types of mental illness, including substance abuse disorders, have been linked with poor labor market outcomes, no current research has been able to examine the effects of childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Because ADHD has become one of the most prevalent childhood mental conditions, it is useful to understand the full set of consequences of the illness. This article uses a longitudinal national sample, including sibling pairs, to show the important labor market outcome consequences of ADHD. The employment reduction is between 10 and 14 percentage points, the earnings reduction is approximately 33%, and the increase in social assistance is 15 points, figures that are larger than many estimates of the Black people/White people earnings gap and the gender earnings gap. A small share of the link is explained by educational attainments and co-morbid health conditions and behaviors. The results also show important differences in labor market consequences by family background and age of onset. These findings, along with similar research showing that ADHD is linked with poor education outcomes and adult crime, suggest the importance of treating childhood ADHD to foster human capital. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.