This article contains original research that has not been submitted for publication elsewhere at the same time. A previous version of the paper has been published as a working paper at AKF, Danish Institute of Governmental Research, see http://www.akf.dk/udgivelser/container/2011/udgivelse_1098/. CSER, Centre for Strategic Education Research, see http://www.cser.dk/udgivelser/. Working Paper No. 8.
CHILD-TO-TEACHER RATIO AND DAY CARE TEACHER SICKNESS ABSENTEEISM†
Article first published online: 30 SEP 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 23, Issue 12, pages 1430–1442, December 2014
How to Cite
2014), CHILD-TO-TEACHER RATIO AND DAY CARE TEACHER SICKNESS ABSENTEEISM, Health Econ., 23, 1430–1442, doi:10.1002/hec.2994., and (
- Issue published online: 5 NOV 2014
- Article first published online: 30 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 30 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Received: 26 AUG 2010
- work pressure;
- sickness absence;
- day care
The literature on occupational health points to work pressure as a trigger of sickness absence. However, reliable, objective measures of work pressure are in short supply. This paper uses Danish day care teachers as an ideal case for analysing whether work pressure measured by the child-to-teacher ratio, that is, the number of children per teacher in an institution, affects teacher sickness absenteeism. We control for individual teacher characteristics, workplace characteristics, and family background characteristics of the children in the day care institutions. We perform estimations for two time periods, 2002–2003 and 2005–2006, by using generalized method of moments with lagged levels of the child-to-teacher ratio as instrument. Our estimation results are somewhat mixed. Generally, the results indicate that the child-to-teacher ratio is positively related to short-term sickness absence for nursery care teachers, but not for preschool teachers. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.