The rand 36-item health survey 1.0
Version of Record online: 18 SEP 2006
Copyright © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 2, Issue 3, pages 217–227, October 1993
How to Cite
Hays, R. D., Sherbourne, C. D. and Mazel, R. M. (1993), The rand 36-item health survey 1.0. Health Econ., 2: 217–227. doi: 10.1002/hec.4730020305
- Issue online: 18 SEP 2006
- Version of Record online: 18 SEP 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 JUL 1993
- Manuscript Received: 10 MAR 1993
- medical outcomes survey
Recently, Ware and Sherbourne1 published a new short-form health survey, the MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), consisting of 36 items included in long-form measures developed for the Medical Outcomes Study. The SF-36 taps eight health concepts: physical functioning, bodily pain, role limitations due to physical health problems, role limitations due to personal or emotional problems, general mental health, social functioning, energy/fatigue, and general health perceptions. It also includes a single item that provides an indication of perceived change in health. The SF-36 items and scoring rules are distributed by MOS Trust, Inc. Strict adherence to item wording and scoring recommendations is required in order to use the SF-36 trademark. The RAND 36-Item Health Survey 1.0 (distributed by RAND) includes the same items as those in the SF-36, but the recommended scoring algorithm is somewhat different from that of the SF-36. Scoring differences are discussed here and new T-scores are presented for the 8 multi-item scales and two factor analytically-derived physical and mental health composite scores.