Morbidity of the neck after head and neck cancer therapy
Article first published online: 6 AUG 2004
Copyright © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Head & Neck
Volume 26, Issue 9, pages 785–791, September 2004
How to Cite
van Wilgen, C. P., Dijkstra, P. U., van der Laan, B. F. A. M., Plukker, J. T. and Roodenburg, J. L. N. (2004), Morbidity of the neck after head and neck cancer therapy. Head Neck, 26: 785–791. doi: 10.1002/hed.20008
- Issue published online: 20 AUG 2004
- Article first published online: 6 AUG 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 DEC 2003
- a grant from the University Hospital Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
- head and neck cancer;
- neck dissection;
- neck pain;
- loss of sensation;
- range of motion
Studies on morbidity of the neck after head and neck cancer therapy are scarcely described.
Patients who underwent surgery, including neck dissection, with and without radiation therapy at least 1 year before the study were asked to participate. We assessed neck pain, loss of sensation, range of motion of the cervical spine, and shoulder pain.
Of the 220 patients who were invited, 153 (70%) participated in the study. Neck pain was present in 33% of the patients (n = 51), and shoulder pain was present in 37% of the patients (n = 57). Neuropathic pain of the neck was present in 32% (n = 49); myofascial pain, in 46% (n = 70); and joint pain, in 24% (n = 37). Loss of sensation of the neck was present in 65% (n = 99) and was related to type of neck dissection and radiation therapy. Range of motion of the neck was significantly decreased because of the neck dissection and/or radiation therapy in lateral flexion away from the operated side.
The occurrences of morbidity of the neck after cancer therapy were considerable and consisted of neck pain, loss of sensation, and decreased range of motion. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck26: 785–791, 2004