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Elective neck dissection in early-stage oral squamous cell carcinoma—does it influence recurrence and survival?

Authors

  • Ana Capote MD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital La Princesa, Universidad Autonoma of Madrid, Spain
    • Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital La Princesa, Universidad Autonoma of Madrid, Spain
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  • Veronica Escorial MD,

    1. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital La Princesa, Universidad Autonoma of Madrid, Spain
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  • Mario F. Muñoz-Guerra MD, PhD,

    1. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital La Princesa, Universidad Autonoma of Madrid, Spain
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  • Francisco J. Rodríguez-Campo MD,

    1. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital La Princesa, Universidad Autonoma of Madrid, Spain
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  • Carlos Gamallo MD, PhD,

    1. Department of Pathology, University Hospital La Princesa, Universidad Autonoma of Madrid, Spain
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  • Luis Naval MD, DMD, PhD

    1. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital La Princesa, Universidad Autonoma of Madrid, Spain
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Abstract

Background.

This study investigates the influence on survival and regional control rates of neck dissection therapy at the time of surgery of the primary tumor in early stages of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral cavity.

Methods.

A series of 154 patients with pT1N0M0 and pT2N0M0 intraoral carcinomas was analyzed retrospectively. Neck dissection was associated with tumor ablation in 87 patients (56.5%), although 67 patients (43.5%) were treated with local resection exclusively. Survival and relapse rates were studied with the Kaplan–Meier curves and the log-rank test for univariate analysis and Cox proportional model for multivariate analysis (p < .05).

Results.

Regional recurrences occurred in 25 cases (16.2%), 7 cases (8%) with primary neck dissection and 18 cases (26.8%) with local excision alone. Neck dissection therapy was a significant prognostic factor for recurrences and survival (p < .05). The 5-year regional control rate was of 92.5% for patients with elective lymph node ablation versus 71.2% for patients without primary neck dissection. Neck dissection was also significant for recurrences in stage I and for survival and recurrences in stage II. Neck dissection therapy also showed independent prognostic value in the Cox analysis.

Conclusions.

In patients with intraoral carcinomas, elective neck treatment should be considered even in cases with a small primary tumor and negative clinical examination because of the high incidence of occult nodal metastases and the tendency to regional recurrences. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 2007

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