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Trends in head and neck cancer incidence in Tianjin, China, between 1981 and 2002

Authors

  • Kexin Chen MD, PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Tianjin, People's Republic of China
    • Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Tianjin, People's Republic of China
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    • Kexin Chen and Fengju Song contributed equally to this work.

  • Fengju Song MD,

    1. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Tianjin, People's Republic of China
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    • Kexin Chen and Fengju Song contributed equally to this work.

  • Min He BM,

    1. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Tianjin, People's Republic of China
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  • Haixin Li MD,

    1. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Tianjin, People's Republic of China
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  • Biyun Qian PhD,

    1. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Tianjin, People's Republic of China
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  • Wei Zhang PhD,

    1. Department of Pathology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas
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  • Qingyi Wei MD, PhD,

    1. Department of Epidemiology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas
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  • Xishan Hao MD

    1. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Tianjin, People's Republic of China
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Abstract

Background.

Head and neck cancer is 1 of the major global health issues but received limited attention, and its incidence has rarely been systematically studied in China.

Methods.

The population-based cancer registry of the urban Tianjin was used to examine the changing pattern of incidence rates and its potential causes in China.

Results.

Between 1981 and 2002, the age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) of head and neck cancer decreased by 1.39% per year among males and 2.20% among females. Significant decreasing trends were found for the age group of 45 to 54 years in women and for the age group of 55 to 64 years in both men and women. Slight increasing trends were found in the age group of 0 to 44 years.

Conclusions.

The data suggest that the overall head and neck cancer incidence was declining in Tianjin between 1981 and 2002; however, there was a possible increasing trend of risk for the younger population. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2009

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