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Successful endovascular treatment of intractable epistaxis due to ruptured internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm secondary to invasive fungal sinusitis

Authors

  • Shaner-Yeun Jao MD,

    1. Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine and School of Medical Technology, Chang Gung University, Chiayi, Taiwan
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  • Hsu-Huei Weng MD, MPH,

    1. Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine and School of Medical Technology, Chang Gung University, Chiayi, Taiwan
    2. Department of Respiratory Care, Chang Gung Institute of Technology, Chiayi, Taiwan and Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine and School of Medical Technology, Chang Gung University, Chiayi, Taiwan
    3. Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, College of Health Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaoshiung, Taiwan and Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine and School of Medical Technology, Chang Gung University, Chiayi, Taiwan
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  • Ho-Fai Wong MD,

    1. Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine and School of Medical Technology, Chang Gung University, Linko, Taiwan
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  • Wen-Hung Wang MD,

    1. Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine and School of Medical Technology, Chang Gung University Chiayi, Taiwan
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  • Yuan-Hsiung Tsai MD

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine and School of Medical Technology, Chang Gung University, Chiayi, Taiwan
    • Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine and School of Medical Technology, Chang Gung University, Chiayi, Taiwan
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Abstract

Background.

Mycotic pseudoaneurysm from the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) secondary to an invasive aspergillus sinusitis is rare. Surgical intervention with ICA ligation is generally accepted for most mycotic aneurysms or pseudoaneurysms. When presented with massive epistaxis due to a fungal aspergillus ICA invasion, mortality rates are high.

Methods.

We present the case of a 76-year-old man who developed intractable epistaxis due to a mycotic pseudoaneurysm arising from the cavernous segment of the right ICA.

Results.

The patient was successfully treated by endovascular embolization at the orifice of the pseudoaneurysm followed by the total ICA trapping technique using electrolytically Guglielmi detachable coils (GDCs) and injection of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (n-BCA). The patient survived for 7 months but eventually died of urosepsis and cardiorespiratory failure.

Conclusion.

Endovascular embolization is a feasible and life-saving approach for emergent management of massive intractable epistaxis secondary to a complicated invasive fungal sinusitis. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2010

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