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Keywords:

  • paranasal sinus;
  • malignant tumors;
  • anterior skull base surgery;
  • craniofacial resection;
  • multivariable analysis

Abstract

Background

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of a mono-institutional series of patients treated with anterior craniofacial resection for malignant paranasal sinus tumors.

Methods

We analyzed all patients with malignant paranasal sinus tumors treated with anterior craniofacial resection at our institution between 1987 and 2007. All tumors were classified according to both the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC)-2002 and the Istituto Nazionale Tumori (INT) classifications.

Results

The sample included 366 patients. There was intraorbital spread in 108 cases. The skull base was eroded in 127 patients, with dura or brain involvement in 93 patients. The 10-year disease-specific survival was 53.1%. Histologic subtype, INT stage, surgical margins, and postsurgical radiotherapy were significant, independent predictors for both local relapse and disease-specific survival (DSS). The AJCC-2002 classification was not significant when tested in place of INT stage.

Conclusion

Our data indicated that craniofacial resection and postsurgical radiotherapy remain the primary option for malignant tumors involving the anterior skull base. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2012