Papillary thyroid carcinoma nodal surgery directed by a preoperative radiographic map utilizing CT scan and ultrasound in all primary and reoperative patients
To study the diagnostic accuracy of physical examination (PE), ultrasonography (US), contrastenhanced computed tomography (CT) and in preoperative detection of macroscopic nodal metastasis in primary/recurrent papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients to determine if the routine addition of CT would be beneficial in accurate preoperative lymph-node surgery planning.
In a tertiary center prospective study, 162 PTC patients underwent preoperative lymph-node evaluation by PE, US, and CT. Sensitivity, specificity, positive/negative predictive value (PPV/NPV) of each nodal detection technique were calculated in central/lateral cervical compartments. The gold standard for diagnostic-accuracy was surgical pathology.
In patients undergoing primary (Group I)/revision (Group II) surgical treatment for PTC, combined US/CT yielded significantly higher sensitivity for macroscopic lymph-node detection in both lateral and central neck, most marked in Group I-central compartment.
Combined preoperative US/CT provides reliable, objective, preoperative macroscopic nodal metastasis map to design rational nodal surgery in primary/revision PTC patients. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 36: 191–202, 2014