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Abstract

The transport of human α1-acid glycoprotein from the circulation to the bile has been studied in the rat. Biliary excretion was proportional to the i.v. injected dose, and the percentage excreted remained constant. The amount excreted in the bile (over 4 hr) was inversely related to the rate of hepatic (hepatocyte) uptake and the galactose receptor which is specific for asialo glycoproteins was not involved. Reinjection of the glycoprotein excreted in bile resulted in a similar proportion of the dose being reexcreted, suggesting that a subset of the glycoprotein is not selected for excretion in bile. Transit times from blood to bile for glucagon, insulin, α1-acid glycoprotein, fetuin, albumin, and carcinoembryonic antigen were directly related to their molecular weights. Removal of sialic acid from the asialo glycoproteins did not affect these transit times. Possible mechanisms for the biliary excretion of α1-acid glycoprotein are discussed.