Studies on the regulation of cholesterol metabolism by low-and high-density lipoproteins in HepG2 cellsx

Authors

  • Subramanian Ranganathan Ph.D,

    Corresponding author
    1. Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905
    • Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Bruce A. Kottke

    1. Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

The uptake and degradation of low-density lipoproteins and the esterification and synthesis of cholesterol were poorly down-regulated by low-density lipoproteins in HepG2 cells. Addition of low-density lipoproteins to the cells increased the free and esterified cholesterol in the cells. The heavier fraction of high-density lipoproteins enhanced the degradation of low-density lipoproteins and cholesterol synthesis and decreased acyl CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase activity. Addition of the heavier fraction of high-density lipoproteins also caused a net efflux of cholesterol from HepG2 cells. The lighter fraction did not have any significant effect on cholesterol metabolism or cellular cholesterol level. Neither the lighter nor the heavier fractions of high-density lipoproteins were found to have any specific binding properties to HepG2 cells.

Ancillary