Effects of oxygen inhalation in ascitic cirrhotic patients: Therapeutic implications?
Article first published online: 6 DEC 2005
Copyright © 1990 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Volume 12, Issue 4, pages 786–787, October 1990
How to Cite
Henriksen, J. H. (1990), Effects of oxygen inhalation in ascitic cirrhotic patients: Therapeutic implications?. Hepatology, 12: 786–787. doi: 10.1002/hep.1840120428
- Issue published online: 6 DEC 2005
- Article first published online: 6 DEC 2005
In patients with cirrhosis, O2 uptake, i.e., O2 consumption, is abnormally deceased. We administered 50% O2 for 30 min in eight patients with alcoholic cirrhosis to determine whether the subsequent increase in arterial O2 content may correct the low O2 consumption. In addition, we studied in these patients the reflex control of cardiac output and blood pressure by arterial baroreceptors, as O2 inhalation induces a systemic vasoconstriction. Arterial O2 tension, oxyhaemoglobin saturation and arterial O2 content significantly increased as well as systemic vascular resistance and arterial pressure. In contrast, O2 consumption (which was below normal values) under basal conditions, O2 transport, O2 extraction ratio, heart rate, right atrial and pulmonary wedged pressures, cardiac output, hepatic venous pressures, hepatic and azygos blood flows were unaffected by O2 administration. In three patients receiving air, no significant change was observed. Our results show that, in patients with cirrhosis, inhalation of 50% O2 does not correct O2 consumption. We may conclude that reflex control of cardiac output and arterial pressure by arterial baroreceptors is impaired in these patients.