Dr. Bouwens is a senior research assistant of the Belgian Fund for Scientific Research (NFWO).
Electron microscopic observations on the accumulation of large granular lymphocytes (pit cells) and kupffer cells in the liver of rats treated with continuous infusion of interleukin-2
Article first published online: 6 DEC 2005
Copyright © 1990 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Volume 12, Issue 6, pages 1365–1370, December 1990
How to Cite
Bouwens, L., Marinelli, A., Kuppen, P. J. K., Eggermont, A. M. M., van de Velde, C. J. H. and Wisse, E. (1990), Electron microscopic observations on the accumulation of large granular lymphocytes (pit cells) and kupffer cells in the liver of rats treated with continuous infusion of interleukin-2. Hepatology, 12: 1365–1370. doi: 10.1002/hep.1840120618
- Issue published online: 6 DEC 2005
- Article first published online: 6 DEC 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 JUN 1990
- Manuscript Received: 26 FEB 1990
Treatment schedules were investigated for in vivo induction of lymphokine-activated killer cells in the rat liver. Treatment of rats with continuous systemic or regional infusion of recombinant human interleukin-2 with a dose of 4 to 8 × 104 U/day during 7 days, resulted in an increase in number of large granular lymphocytes or pit cells in the liver up to 43 times normal. Kupffer cells, nongranular lymphocytes, monocytes and neutrophils also increased in number, but with a maximal fivefold increase this was much less pronounced than for large granular lymphocytes. Kupffer cells showed morphological signs of activation and were frequently seen in mitosis. Frequent mitoses were also observed for large granular lymphocytes, but not for other leukocytes. This indicates that the effect of interleukin-2 treatment on hepatic (sinusoidal) cells was primarily directed to large granular lymphocytes and Kupffer cells. The large granular lymphocyte accumulation occurred mainly intrasinusoidally, but they were also frequently observed in the space of Disse where they are not found in control rats. This may be explained partly by the observed damage or gaps in the endothelial lining. The intrasinusoidal large granular lymphocytes adhered to the endothelium and to Kupffer cells. Higher responses, for all cell types, were found when interleukin-2 was administered regionally, that is, through the hepatic artery rather than through the systemic route (jugular vein), although the differences were not statistically significant. Doses below 4 × 104 U/day did not result in significant increases of large granular lymphocytes in the liver. (HEPATOLOGY 1990;12:1365–1370).