Liver macrophage-mediated cytotoxicity toward mastocytoma cells involves phagocytosis of tumor targets

Authors

  • Carol R. Gardner,

    1. Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854
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  • Arthur J. Wasserman,

    1. Department of Pathology, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854
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  • Dr. Debra L. Laskin

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854
    2. Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854
    • Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08855–0789
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Abstract

Macrophage-mediated cytotoxicity toward tumor cells usually involves extracellular lysis of the targets. In this study, we report that liver macrophages from rats treated with lipopolysaccharide (5 mg/kg, intravenous) also kill certain tumor cell targets by phagocytosis. Liver macrophages were coincubated with P815 mouse mastocytoma cells for 24 to 72 hr at an effector/target ratio of 10:1. Macrophage phagocytosis was characterized by flow cytometry and by light and electron microscopy. For flow-cytometric studies, P815 cells were prelabeled with the fluorescent dye 1,1′-dioctadecyl-3,3,3′,3′-tetramethyl-indocarbocyanine perchlorate. We found that coincubation of macrophages with labeled targets resulted in a time dependent increase in macrophage-associated fluorescence, reaching a maximum at 72 hr. This correlated with light-microscopic observations of increased numbers of tumor cells in the macrophages and enhanced macrophage surface area and density. Electron microscopic studies revealed that the initial event in the phagocytic process involved the capture of P815 cells by the pseudopodia of the macrophages. Target cells were then surrounded by lamellipodia, internalized in phagosomes and destroyed. These data, together with previous studies, provide evidence for multiple mechanisms of cytotoxicity mediated by activated liver macrophages. (HEPATOLOGY 1991;14:318–324.)

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