Detection of proliferating liver cells in various diseases by a monoclonal antibody against DNA polymerase-α: With special reference to the relationship between hepatocytes and sinusoidal cells
Article first published online: 8 DEC 2005
Copyright © 1991 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Volume 14, Issue 5, pages 781–788, November 1991
How to Cite
Seki, S., Sakaguchi, H., Kawakita, N., Yanai, A., Kuroki, T., Mizoguchi, Y., Kobayashi, K. and Monna, T. (1991), Detection of proliferating liver cells in various diseases by a monoclonal antibody against DNA polymerase-α: With special reference to the relationship between hepatocytes and sinusoidal cells. Hepatology, 14: 781–788. doi: 10.1002/hep.1840140507
- Issue published online: 8 DEC 2005
- Article first published online: 8 DEC 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 JUN 1991
- Manuscript Received: 5 JUL 1990
Proliferating cells in liver specimens from patients with various diseases were detected by use of a monoclonal antibody against human DNA polymerase-α, which is present in the nuclei of cells in the G1, S, M and G2 phases of the mitotic cell cycle and absent in the G0 phase, to clarify the kinetics and morphological characteristics of these cells. This monoclonal antibody was supernatant derived from clone CL222-42B, and the peroxidase antiperoxidase method was used.
Not only epithelial cells (hepatocytes, biliary epithelial cells and hepatocellular carcinoma cells) but also nonepithelial cells (Kupffer cells and other macrophages, endothelial cells, fat-storing cells, lymphocytes and fibroblasts) were stained for DNA polymerase-α. In acute viral hepatitis with confluent necrosis, small hepatocytes with basophilic cytoplasm next to the necrosis accounted for most of the proliferating cells. In these areas, Kupffer cells and other macrophages and lymphocytes had often proliferated. Hepatocellular carcinoma cells were frequently stained for DNA polymerase-α, in addition to endothelial cells, macrophages and lymphocytes. These nonepithelial cells were stained more frequently in specimens with many stained carcinoma cells than in those with only a few cells stained. In fibrotic areas, fibroblasts were often stained for this enzyme. In proliferating bile ducts, both small epithelial cells and large mature cells were stained. The differences between stained and nonstained cells that were not hepatocytes could not be defined by their ultrastructural characteristics. From these findings, it seemed possible that sinusoidal cells, especially Kupffer cells and other macrophages, might be much involved in hepatocytic proliferation during regeneration of the liver and also in the occurrence of malignant tumors. (HEPATOLOGY 1991;14:781–788).