Flow-limited tracer oxygen distribution in the isolated perfused rat liver: Effects of temperature and hematocrit

Authors

  • Ibrahim Kassissia,

    1. McGill University Medical Clinic in the Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada
    2. Departments of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada
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  • Colin P. Rose,

    1. McGill University Medical Clinic in the Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada
    2. Departments of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada
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  • Carl A. Goresky M.D.,

    Corresponding author
    1. McGill University Medical Clinic in the Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada
    2. Departments of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada
    3. Departments of Physiology, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada
    • University Medical Clinic, Room 1068, Montreal General Hospital, 1650 Cedar Ave., Montreal, QC, H3G 1A4, Canada
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  • Andreas J. Schwab,

    1. McGill University Medical Clinic in the Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada
    2. Departments of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada
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  • Glen G. Bach,

    1. Mechanical Engineering of McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada
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  • Suzette Guirguis

    1. McGill University Medical Clinic in the Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada
    2. Departments of Medicine, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada
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Abstract

We used the multiple-indicator dilution technique to examine the kinetics of tracer oxygen distribution and uptake in the rat liver perfused in a nonrecirculating fashion with blood. 51Cr-labeled 18O2-saturated erythrocytes, labeled albumin, sucrose and water (the tracers for oxygen and vascular, interstitial and cellular references) were injected simultaneously into the portal vein. Timed anerobic samples were collected from the hepatic vein and analyzed by mass spectrometry for relative 18O2 enrichment and radioactivity. In a set of experiments performed at 32° C, oxygen uptake was substantially diminished; tracer oxygen profiles approached those expected for a completely recovered, flow-limited substance. At 37° C, much larger tracer oxygen sequestration occurred. Experiments were carried out at each temperature at higher and lower hematocrit, and oxygen consumption at each temperature was found to be independent of hematocrit. The tissue space of distribution for tracer oxygen relative to the total sinusoidal vascular content was influenced by the hematocrit: it was smaller at higher hematocrit and larger at lower hematocrit, as expected. The derived partition coefficient of oxygen for liver cells relative to plasma (expressed in terms of the liver and plasma water spaces) was, on average, 2.62 ml/ml; it was independent of the hematocrit. Analysis of the indicator dilution experiments indicates that the tracer oxygen is distributed into tissue in a flow-limited rather than a barrier-limited fashion, and that with this, an ongoing concomitant intracellular sequestration of tracer can be seen. (HEPATOLOGY 1992;16:763–775.)

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