From September 1988 to May 1991, 160 orthotopic liver transplantations were performed in our hospital. Twenty-four patients had end-stage cirrhosis caused by chronic non-A, non-B hepatitis. Antibodies against hepatitis C virus were documented before and after orthotopic liver transplantation in 13 patients. Studies using the polymerase chain reaction demonstrated hepatitis C virus RNA in the serum and liver tissue of 17 patients (10 of whom tested positive for hepatitis C virus antibodies) before orthotopic liver transplantation. Tissue samples taken from liver grafts during the operation were hepatitis C virus RNA negative in every case. Ten of these 17 patients had positive hepatitis C virus RNA findings in serum and liver biopsy specimens within the first month after surgery. One patient died of Mucor sepsis 2 mo after orthotopic liver transplantation. Another patient died of multiorgan failure 3 mo after a retransplantation. Two patients underwent retransplantation for graft rejection at 2 and 3 mo, respectively. One year after orthotopic liver transplantation, hepatitis C virus RNA was demonstrated in allograft biopsy specimens in 13 of 15 patients. Two patients remained hepatitis C virus RNA negative in repeated biopsies up to 12 mo. Mild portal and lobular hepatitis developed within 6 months of orthotopic liver transplantation in four patients and within 1 yr in five additional patients. The data suggest that persistent hepatitis C virus reinfects the allograft in most cases, but the risk of acute organ damage caused by hepatitis C virus reinfection is low. (HEPATOLOGY 1992;16:1137–1143.)
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.