A novel 3D hepatectomy simulation based on liver circulation: Application to liver resection and transplantation


  • Potential conflict of interest: Nothing to report.


Hepatectomy is a complicated operative procedure because of its anatomical complexity, vascular variability, and impaired hepatic function due to associated hepatitis or cirrhosis. Thus preoperative detailed topography and precise liver resection volume measurements should be obtained for a curative hepatectomy. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and accuracy of a novel three-dimensional (3D) virtual hepatectomy simulation software in patients who underwent liver resection or living donor liver transplantation. We developed the hepatectomy simulation software, which was programmed to analyze detailed 3D vascular structure and to predict liver resection volume and margins. In 72 patients receiving hepatectomy, the predicted liver resection volumes and margins revealed a significant correlation with the actual value with a mean difference of 9.3 mL (P < .0001) and 1.6 mm (P < .01), respectively. The drainage area by hepatic veins was quantified to achieve reconstruction of the corresponding venous branch. In conclusion, this hepatectomy simulation software reliably predicted an accurate liver resection volume, the cancer-free margin, and the drainage volume of hepatic vein branches. This software may promote curative hepatectomy and may be used for other interventional therapies in the treatment of liver disease. (HEPATOLOGY 2005.)