• 1
    Wepfer JJ. De dubiis anatomicis. Epistola cum responsione. Norimberg, 1665.
  • 2
    Malpighi A. De viscerum structura. Exercitatio anatomica. London, 1666.
  • 3
    Kiernan F. The anatomy and physiology of the liver. Philos Trans R Soc Lond 1833; 123: 711770.
  • 4
    Pfuhl W. Form und Gefaeßbeziehungen der Leberlaeppchen beim Menschen. Z Anat Entwicklgesch 1922; 66: 361384.
  • 5
    Mall F. A study of the structural unit of the liver. J Anat 1906; 5: 227308.
  • 6
    Rappaport AM, Borowy ZJ, Lougheed WM, Lotto N. Subdivision of hexagonal liver lobules into a structural and functional unit. Anat Rec 1954; 119: 1134.
  • 7
    Rappaport AM. Physioanatomic considerations. In: SchiffL, SchiffER, eds. Diseases of the Liver. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1982: 152.
  • 8
    Sasse D. Liver structure and innervation. In: ThurmannRG, KauffmanFC, JungermannK, eds. Regulation of Hepatic Metabolism. New York, London: Plenum Press, 1986: 325.
  • 9
    Matsumoto T, Kawakami M. The unit-concept of hepatic parenchyma. A re-examination based on angioarchitectural studies. Acta Pathol Jpn 1982;(Suppl 2): 285314.
  • 10
    Quistorff B, Rømert P. High zone-selectivity of cell permeabilization following digitonin-pulse perfusion of rat liver. A re-interpretation of microcirculatory zones. Histochemistry 1989; 92: 487498.
  • 11
    Lamers WH, Hilberts A, Furt E, Smith J, Jonges GN, van Noorden CJF, et al. Hepatic enzymic zonation: a reevaluation of the concept of the liver acinus. HEPATOLOGY 1989; 10: 7276.
  • 12
    Rømert P, Quistorff B, Behnke O. Histological evaluation of the zonation of colloidal gold uptake by the rat liver. Tissue Cell 1993; 25: 1932.
  • 13
    Ekataksin W, Zou ZZ, Wake K, Chunhabundit P, Somana R, Nishida J, et al. HMS, Hepatic microcirculatory subunits in mammalian species: intralobular grouping of liver tissue with definition enhanced by the drop-out sinusoids. In: WisseE, KnookDL, WakeK, eds. Cells of the Hepatic Sinusoids. Volume 5. Leiden: Kupffer Cell Foundation, 1995: 247251.
  • 14
    Saxena R, Theise ND, Crawford JM. Microanatomy of the human liver—exploring the hidden interfaces. HEPATOLOGY 1999; 30: 13391346.
  • 15
    Desmet VJ. Organizational principles. In: AriasIM, BoyerJL, ChisariFV, FaustoN, SchachterD, ShafritzDA, eds. The Liver: Biology and Pathobiology. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2001: 315.
  • 16
    Teutsch HF. Sex-specific regionality of liver metabolism during starvation; with special reference to the heterogeneity of the lobular periphery. Histochemistry 1984; 81: 8792.
  • 17
    Teutsch HF. Regionality of glucose-6-phosphate hydrolysis in the liver lobule of the rat: metabolic heterogeneity of “portal” and “septal” sinusoids. HEPATOLOGY 1988; 8: 311317.
  • 18
    Teutsch HF, Altemus J, Gerlach-Arbeiter S, Kyander-Teutsch TL. Distribution of 3-hydroxybyturate dehydrogenase in primary lobules of rat liver. J Histochem Cytochem 1992; 40: 213219.
  • 19
    Teutsch HF, Schuerfeld D, Groezinger E. Three-dimensional reconstruction of parenchymal units in the liver of the rat. HEPATOLOGY 1999; 29: 494505.
  • 20
    Teutsch HF. Modular design of the liver of the rat. In: MalcomG, ed. Multidisciplinary Approaches to Visual Representations and Interpretations. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 2004: 6367.
  • 21
    Matsumoto T, Komori R, Magara T, Ui T, Kawakami M, Tokuda T, et al. A study on the normal structure of human liver, with special reference to its angioarchitecture. Jikeikai Med J 1979; 26: 140.
  • 22
    Debeyre A. Morphologie du lobule hépatique. Bibl Anat 1910; 19: 249263.
  • 23
    Debeyre A. Circulation porte du lobule hépatique. Bibl Anat 1912; 22: 189225.
  • 24
    Pfuhl W. Die Leber. In: vonMoellendorf, ed. Handbuch der mikroskopischen Anatomie des Menschen. Volume 5. Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1932: 235425.
  • 25
    Burstone MS. Enzyme histochemistry and its application in the study of neoplasms. New York: Academic Press, 1963.
  • 26
    Romeis B. Haematoxylin. In: BoeckP, ed. Romeis. Mikroskopische Technik. 17th ed. Muenchen: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1989: 214219.
  • 27
    Haegerstrand I. Distribution of alkaline phosphatase activity in healthy and deseased human liver tissue. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand A 1975; 83: 519526.
  • 28
    Haegerstrand I. Bile canalicular alkaline phosphatase in necropsy specimens of the liver and its relation to disease. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand A 1976; 84: 278284.
  • 29
    Zoellner HFA, Hunter N. Histochemical identification of the vascular endothelial isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase. J Histochem Cytochem 1989; 37: 18931898.
  • 30
    Wuensche A. Leberlaeppchen und portale Gefaeßscheide beim Schwein. In: Vollmer hausB, ed. Advances in Veterinary Medicine. Supplements to Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Number 39. Berlin, Germany: Parey, 1988: 1117.
  • 31
    Ekataksin W, Wake K. Liver units in three dimensions. I. Organization of argyrophilic connective tissue skeleton in porcine liver with particular reference to the “compound hepatic lobule.” Am J Anat 1991; 191: 113153.
  • 32
    Wanless IR, Nakashima E, Sherman M. Regression of human cirrhosis. Morphological features and genesis of incomplete septal cirrhosis. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2000; 124: 15991607.