SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Wiesel E. Perspective. Without conscience. N Engl J Med 2005; 352: 15111513.
  • 2
    Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Vol. 2. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office, 1949.
  • 3
    Reuben A. Child comes of age. HEPATOLOGY 2002; 35: 244245.
  • 4
    Editorial. How complicit are doctors in the abuses of detainees? Lancet 2004; 365: 637638.
  • 5
    Miles SH. Abu Ghraib: its legacy for miliary medicine. Lancet 2004; 365: 725729.
  • 6
    Interview with Elie Wiesel. Available at: http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1986/wiesel-interview.html. Accessed on October 15, 2005.
  • 7
    Deutsch E. Professor Hans Eppinger: Zum Gedenken. Wien Klin Wochenschr 1966; 78: 674675.
  • 8
    Thaler H. Hans Eppinger und der blaue Papagei. In: Medizin, erlebte Welt. Leipzig, Germany: Zeutralantiquasiat Gmbh, 1993.
  • 9
    Thaler H. Chapter 39. In: BerkPD, SchaffnerF, SchmidR, eds. Hans Popper. A Tribute. New York, NY: Raven Press, 1992: 161168.
  • 10
    Thaler H. Hans Popper in Vienna. In: ThalerH, SherlockS, eds. Hans Popper (1903-1988). Life and Work. Freiburg, Germany: Falk Foundation e.v., 1997.
  • 11
    Rigg BM. Exemptions from the racial laws. In: Hitler's Jewish Soldiers. The Untold Story of Nazi Racial Laws and Jewish Descent in the Men of German Military. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2002: 258.
  • 12
    Redlich F. Hitler. Diagnosis of a Destructive Prophet. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1998: 132, 246.
  • 13
    Andral G. Medical Clinic. Condensed and Translated, With Observations by Spillan D. Philadelphia PA: Barrington and Haswell, 1843: 319.
  • 14
    Virchow R. Über das vorkommen und den nachweis des hepatogenen, insbesondere des Katarrhalischen ikterus. Virchows Arch 1865; 32: 117125.
  • 15
    Kaunitz H, Popper H, Eppinger H. Die seröse Entzündung. Vienna, Austria: Springer-Verlag, 1935.
  • 16
    Eppinger H. Die Leberkrankheiten. Allgemeine und spezielle. Pathologie und Therapie der Leber. Vienna, Austria: Julius Springer, 1937.
  • 17
    Berk PD. Introduction. In: BerkPD, SchaffnerF, SchmidR, eds. Hans Popper. A Tribute. New York, NY: Raven Press, 1992: 16.
  • 18
    Cornwell J. Hitler's scientists. Science, War, and the Devil's Pact. London, UK: Penguin Books, 2003.
  • 19
    Rabelais F. Gargantua and Pantagruel. Book II, Chapter 8: How Pantagruel, being at Paris, received letters from his father Gargantua, and the copy of them. Urquhart T, trans. Eastbourne, UK: Gardners Books, 1994.
  • 20
    Thielicke H. Zu Gast auf einem Schönen Stern. Erinmerungen Hoffmann und Campe. Hamburg, Germany: Verlag, 1986.
  • 21
    Fleming O. The wicked do not always prosper. BMJ 1998; 317: 203.
  • 22
    Weindling PJ. The Nuremberg Vortex. Chapter 8. In: Nazi Medicine and the Nuremberg Trials: From Medical War Crimes to Informed Consent. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan Ltd., 2004.
  • 23
    Spitz V. Sea Water Experiments. Chapter 11. In: Doctors From Hell. The Horrific Account of Nazi Experiments on Humans. Boulder, CO: Sentient Publications, LLC, 2005.
  • 24
    Mitscherlich A, Mielke F. Doctors of Infamy: the Story of the Nazi Medical Crimes. Norden H, trans. New York, NY: Henry Schuman, 1949: 3340.
  • 25
    Pilgerstorfer W. Gedenkabend anlässlich des 5 Todestages Professor Hans Eppingers. Wien Med Wochenschr 1951; 101: 880884.
  • 26
    Benda L, Rissel E. Gedenkaberd anlässlich des 20 Todestages Professor Hans Eppingers. Wien Med Wochenschr 1966; 116: 809811.
  • 27
    Druml W. Die Wiener klinische Wochenschrift von 1938 bis 1945. Zum 50. Jahrestag de Wiedererscheinens 1946. Wien Klin Wochenschr 1996; 108: 381384.
  • 28
    Ernst E. A leading medical school seriously damaged. Vienna 1938. Ann Intern Med 1995; 122: 789792.
  • 29
    Kater MH. Doctors under Hitler. Chapel Hill, NC: North Carolina University Press, 1989: 56.
  • 30
    Holubar K. The Pernkopf story: The Austrian perspective of 1998, 60 years after it all began. Perspect Biol Med 2000; 43: 382388.
  • 31
    Cornwell J. The science of extermination and human experiments. Chapter 26. In: Hitler's Scientists. Science, War, and the Devil's Pact. London, UK: Penguin Books, 2003.
  • 32
    Lerner BH. Medicine and the Holocaust. Ann Intern Med 1995; 122: 793794.
  • 33
    Barondess JA. Care of the medical ethos. Reflections on social Darwinism, racial hygiene, and the Holocaust. Ann Intern Med 1998; 129: 891898.
  • 34
    Hanauske-Abel HM. Not a slippery slope or sudden subversion: German medicine and National Socialism in 1933. BMJ 1996; 313: 14531463.
  • 35
    Seidelman WE. Nuremberg lamentations: for the forgotten victims of medical science. BMJ 1996; 313: 14631467.
  • 36
    Proctor RH. Nazi science and Nazi medical ethics: some myths and misconceptions. Perspect Biol Med 2000; 43: 335346.
  • 37
    Ernst E. Commentary: the Third Reich – German physicians between resistance and participation. Int J Epidemiol 2001; 30: 3442.
  • 38
    Weindling PJ. Science in behemoth: the human experiments. Chapter 10. In: Nazi Medicine and the Nuremberg Trials: From Medical War Crimes to Informed Consent. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan Ltd., 2004.
  • 39
    Weindling P. Human guinea pigs and the ethics of experimentation: the BMJ's correspondent at the Nuremberg medical trial. BMJ 1996; 313: 14671470.
  • 40
    Beecher HK. Ethics and clinical research. N Engl J Med 1966; 274: 13541360.
  • 41
    Hornblum AM. They were cheap and available: prisoners as research subjects in twentieth century America. BMJ 1997; 315: 14371441.
  • 42
    Welsome E. The Plutonium Tales: America's Secret Medical Experiments in the Cold War. New York, NY: Dial Press, 1999.
  • 43
    Adams F. The genuine works of Hippocrates. Translated from the Greek with a preliminary discourse and annotations. Vol. I. Epidemics. Book I, Section II – Constitution Second. London, UK: Sydenham Society, 1849: 360.
  • 44
    Smith CM. Origin and uses of Primum non nocere. J Clin Pharmacol 2005; 45: 371377.
  • 45
    Edelstein L. Ancient Medicine: Selected Papers of Ludwig Edelstein. In: Temkin CL, trans. TemkinO and TemkinCL, eds. The Hippocratic Oath: Text, Translation and Interpretation. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1967: 363.
  • 46
    Vollman J, Winau R. Informed consent in human experimentation before the Nuremberg Code. BMJ 1996; 313: 14451447.
  • 47
    Shuster E. Fifty years later: The significance of the Nuremberg Code. N Engl J Med 1997; 337: 14361440.
  • 48
    Spiro HM. Eppinger of Vienna: Scientist and villain? J Clin Gastroenterol 1984; 6: 493497.
  • 49
    Spiro H. The optimist. Guilt and shame, in Vienna and Boston. Science and Medicine 1995; November/December: 67.
  • 50
    Levine C. What's in a name? The Eppinger Prize and Nazi experiments. Hastings Cent Rep 1984; 14: 34.
  • 51
    Spitz V. Doctors From Hell. The Horrific Account of Nazi Experiments on Humans. Boulder CO: Sentient Publications, LLC, 2005.
  • 52
    Bogod D. The Nazi hypothermia experiments: Forbidden Data? Anaesthesia 2004; 59: 11551156.
  • 53
    Alexander L. The treatment of shock from prolonged exposure to cold, especially water. Combined Intelligence Objectives Subcommittee. Item No. 24. File No. XXVI-371. 1948: 1228.
  • 54
    Proctor RN. The anti-tobacco campaign of the Nazis: a little known aspect of public health in Germany 1933-1945. BMJ 1996; 13: 14501453.
  • 55
    Cohen BC. The ethics of using medical data from Nazi experiments. Available at: http://www.jlaw.com/Aticles/NaziMedEx.html. Accessed on October 27, 2005.
  • 56
    Moe K. Should the Nazi research data be cited? Hastings Center Report 1984; 14: 57.