Redox-dependent and ligand-independent trans-activation of insulin receptor by globular adiponectin


  • Potential conflict of interest: Nothing to report.


Adiponectin/ACRP30 is an adipose tissue–derived hormone with antiatherogenic, antidiabetic, and insulin-sensitizing properties. Although the metabolic effects of adiponectin on glucose and lipid metabolism are well known, the signaling pathways triggered by adiponectin receptors remain to be elucidated. We report evidence that in hepatic cells, adiponectin stimulation produces a transient burst of reactive oxygen species (ROS) through activation of the small GTPase Rac1 and 5-lypoxigenase. Furthermore, adiponectin-induced oxidants cause the oxidation/inhibition of protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) 1B, one of the major phosphotyrosine phosphatases involved in the control of insulin receptor phosphorylation. Adiponectin causes increased association of PTP1B to insulin receptor and the oxidation/inhibition of the phosphatase, ultimately provoking the ligand-independent trans-phosphorylation of insulin receptor. We also report evidence that redox signaling plays a key role in both mitogen-activated protein kinase activation and hepatic glucose consumption induced by adiponectin. Conclusion: These results point to ROS as critical regulators of the cross-talk between adiponectin and insulin pathways and provide a redox-based molecular mechanism for the insulin-sensitizing function of adiponectin. (HEPATOLOGY 2007.)