• Open Access

Significant gene expression differences in histologically “Normal” liver biopsies: Implications for control tissue

Authors

  • Tarik Asselah,

    Corresponding author
    1. Service d'Hépatologie & Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U733, CRB3, Université Paris Diderot, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy, France
    2. INSERM, U745, Paris, France; Université René Descartes, Paris, France
    • Service d'Hépatologie, Hôpital Beaujon, 92110, Clichy, France
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    • fax: (33)-1-47-30-94-40

  • Ivan Bièche,

    1. INSERM, U745, Paris, France; Université René Descartes, Paris, France
    2. Service de Génétique Moléculaire, Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy, France
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  • Ingrid Laurendeau,

    1. INSERM, U745, Paris, France; Université René Descartes, Paris, France
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  • Michelle Martinot-Peignoux,

    1. Service d'Hépatologie & Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U733, CRB3, Université Paris Diderot, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy, France
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  • Valerie Paradis,

    1. Service d'Anatomie Pathologique, Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy, France
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  • Dominique Vidaud,

    1. INSERM, U745, Paris, France; Université René Descartes, Paris, France
    2. Service de Génétique Moléculaire, Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy, France
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  • Dominique-Charles Valla,

    1. Service d'Hépatologie & Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U733, CRB3, Université Paris Diderot, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy, France
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  • Pierre Bedossa,

    1. Service d'Anatomie Pathologique, Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy, France
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  • Patrick Marcellin,

    1. Service d'Hépatologie & Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U733, CRB3, Université Paris Diderot, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy, France
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  • Michel Vidaud

    1. INSERM, U745, Paris, France; Université René Descartes, Paris, France
    2. Service de Génétique Moléculaire, Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy, France
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  • Potential conflict of interest: Nothing to report.

Abstract

Gene expression technologies allow the analysis of gene networks whose expression is associated with specific pathological conditions compared with normal tissue. We hypothesized that histologically normal tissue obtained in different ways (percutaneous or surgical liver biopsies), usually used as normal controls in gene expression studies, could have different gene expression patterns. Group A comprised percutaneous liver biopsies in 14 patients with mildly elevated alanine aminotransferase in whom all causes of liver disease had been ruled out. Group B comprised 14 surgical liver biopsies of nontumoral livers. All 28 specimens were histologically normal. Real-time quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction were used to compare the messenger RNA expression of 240 selected genes in these two groups. Expression of 26 of the 240 genes was significantly different between groups A and B; 23 genes were up-regulated in group A, while three were down-regulated in group B. The most notable changes occurred in the inflammatory response family genes. Eight genes discriminated perfectly between groups A and B: seven up-regulated genes (PAI1, THBS1, IL8, PTGS2, CXCR4, JUN, and FOS), and one down-regulated gene (IHH). In chronic hepatitis C liver samples, a lower or higher expression of a IL8 was found depending on whether the controls were obtained percutaneously or surgically. Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that histologically normal liver tissue obtained in two different ways (percutaneous or surgical) has different gene expression patterns emphasizing the importance of an adequate selection of histologically normal controls to prevent discordant results in gene expression studies. (HEPATOLOGY 2008.)

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