The cyclophilin inhibitor Debio 025 combined with PEG IFNα2a significantly reduces viral load in treatment-naïve hepatitis C patients

Authors


  • Potential conflict of interest: Dr. Flisiak is a consultant for and received grants from Roche and Human Genome Sciences. He also received grants from Debiopharm. Dr. Feinman received grants from Schering-Plough and Hoffmann La Roche.Dr. Horban advises Tirotec. Dr. Heathcote is a consultant for, advises, is on the speakers' bureau of, and received grants from Hoffmann La Roche and Schering-Plough. She also received grants from Vertex and DebioPharm.

Abstract

The anti–hepatitis C virus (HCV) effect and safety of three different oral doses of the cyclophilin inhibitor Debio 025 in combination with pegylated interferon-α2a (PEG IFN-α2a) were investigated in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled escalating dose-ranging phase II study in treatment-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C. Doses of 200, 600, and 1,000 mg/day Debio 025 in combination with PEG IFN-α2a 180 μg/week for 4 weeks were compared with monotherapy with either 1,000 mg/day Debio 025 or 180 μg/week PEG IFN-α2a. In patients with genotypes 1 and 4, the 600- and 1,000-mg combination treatments induced a continuous decay in viral load that reached −4.61 ± 1.88 and −4.75 ± 2.19 log10 IU/mL at week 4, respectively. In patients with genotypes 2 and 3, HCV RNA levels at week 4 were reduced by −5.91 ± 1.11 and −5.89 ± 0.43 log10 IU/mL, respectively, with the same treatment regimens. Adverse events were comparable between treatment groups apart from a higher incidence of neutropenia associated with PEG IFN-α2a and an increased incidence of isolated hyperbilirubinemia at the highest dose of Debio 025 (1,000 mg/day). Conclusion: These results confirm that Debio 025 has a potent activity and an additive effect on HCV RNA reduction in genotype 1 and 4 patients at 600 and 1,000 mg/day when combined with PEG IFN-α2a. (HEPATOLOGY 2009.)

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