SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Kotronen A, Yki-Järvinen H. Fatty liver: a novel component of the metabolic syndrome. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2008; 28: 27-38.
  • 2
    Méndez-Sánchez N, Arrese M, Zamora-Valdés D, Uribe M. Current concepts in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Liver Int 2007; 27: 423-433.
  • 3
    Villanova N, Moscatiello S, Ramilli S, Bugianesi E, Magalotti D, Vanni E, et al. Endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular risk profile in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Hepatology 2005; 42: 473-480.
  • 4
    Gastaldelli A, Kozakova M, Højlund K, Flyvbjerg A, Favuzzi A, Mitrakou A, et al. Fatty liver is associated with insulin resistance, risk of coronary heart disease, and early atherosclerosis in a large European population. Hepatology 2009; 49: 1537-1544.
  • 5
    Corretti MC, Anderson TJ, Benjamin EJ, Celermajer D, Charbonneau F, Creager MA, et al. Guidelines for the ultrasound assessment of endothelial-dependent flow-mediated vasodilation of the brachial artery: a report of the International Brachial Artery Reactivity Task Force. J Am Coll Cardiol 2002; 39: 257-265.
  • 6
    Anderson TJ, Uehata A, Gerhard MD, Meredith IT, Knab S, Delagrange D, et al. Close relation of endothelial function in the human coronary and peripheral circulations. J Am Coll Cardiol 1995; 26: 1235-1241.
  • 7
    Raitakari OT, Juonala M, Kähönen M, Taittonen L, Laitinen T, Mäki-Torkko N, et al. Cardiovascular risk factors in childhood and carotid artery intima-media thickness in adulthood: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. JAMA 2003; 290: 2277-2283.
  • 8
    Pacifico L, Cantisani V, Ricci P, Osborn JF, Schiavo E, Anania C, et al. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and carotid atherosclerosis in children. Pediatr Res 2008; 63: 423-427.
  • 9
    Demircioǧlu F, Koçyigit A, Arslan N, Çakmakçi H, Hizli Ş, Sedat AT. Intima-media thickness of carotid artery and susceptibility to atherosclerosis in obese children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2008; 47: 68-75.
  • 10
    Manco M, Bedogni G, Monti L, Morino G, Natali G, Nobili V. Intima-media thickness and liver histology in obese children and adolescents with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Atherosclerosis 2010; 209: 463-468.
  • 11
    Schwimmer JB, Pardee PE, Lavine JE, Blumkin AK, Cook S. Cardiovascular risk factors and the metabolic syndrome in pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Circulation 2008; 118: 277-283.
  • 12
    Guzzaloni G, Grugni G, Minocci A, Moro D, Morabito F. Liver steatosis in juvenile obesity: correlations with lipid profile, hepatic biochemical parameters and glycemic and insulinemic responses to an oral glucose tolerance test. Int J Obes 2000; 24: 772-776.
  • 13
    Celermajer DS. Endothelial dysfunction: does it matter? Is it reversible? J Am Coll Cardiol 1997; 30: 325-333.
  • 14
    Grundy SM. Metabolic syndrome scientific statement by the American Heart Association and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2005; 25: 2243-2244.
  • 15
    Goodman E, Daniels SR, Meigs JB, Dolan LM. Instability in the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome in adolescents. Circulation 2007; 115: 2316-2322.
  • 16
    Matthews DR, Hosker JP, Rudenski AS, Naylor BA, Treacher DF, Turner RC. Homeostasis model assessment: insulin resistance and beta-cell function from fasting plasma glucose and insulin concentrations in man. Diabetologia 1985; 28: 412-419.
  • 17
    Hurwitz Eller N, Netterstrom B. The intima media thickness and coronary risk factors. Int Angiol 2001; 20: 118-125
  • 18
    Targher G, Bertolini L, Padovani R, Rodella S, Zoppini G, Zenari L, et al. Relations between carotid artery wall thickness and liver histology in subjects with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Diabetes Care 2006; 29: 1325-1330.
  • 19
    Brea A, Mosquera D, Martín E, Arizti A, Cordero JL, Ros E. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with carotid atherosclerosis: a case-control study. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2005; 25: 1045-1050.
  • 20
    Fracanzani AL, Burdick L, Raselli S, Pedotti P, Grigore L, Santorelli G, et al. Carotid artery intima-media thickness in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Am J Med 2008; 121: 72-78.
  • 21
    Kim HC, Kim DJ, Huh KB. Association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and carotid intima-media thickness according to the presence of metabolic syndrome. Atherosclerosis 2009; 204: 521-525.
  • 22
    Patton HM, Yates K, Unalp-Arida A, Behling CA, Huang TT, Rosenthal P, et al. Association between metabolic syndrome and liver histology among children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Am J Gastroenterol 2010; Apr 6 [Epub ahead of print: DOI: 10.1038/ajg.2010.152].
  • 23
    Nobili V, Alkhouri N, Bartuli A, Manco M, Lopez R, Alisi A, et al. Severity of liver injury and atherogenic lipid profile in children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Pediatr Res 2010; 67: 665-670.
  • 24
    Targher G, Arcaro G. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis 2007; 191: 235-240.
  • 25
    Hui JM, Hodge A, Farrell GC, Kench JG, Kriketos A, George J. Beyond insulin resistance in NASH: TNF-alpha or adiponectin? Hepatology 2004; 40: 46-54.
  • 26
    Vanni E, Bugianesi E, Kotronen A, De Minicis S, Yki-Järvinen H, Svegliati-Baroni G. From the metabolic syndrome to NAFLD or vice versa? Dig Liver Dis 2010; 42: 320-330.
  • 27
    Pacifico L, Di Renzo L, Anania C, Osborn JF, Ippoliti F, Schiavo E, et al. Increased T-helper interferon-γ secreting cells in obese children. Eur J Endocrinol 2006; 154: 691-697.
  • 28
    Charlton M, Sreekumar R, Rasmussen D, Lindor K, Nair KS. Apolipoprotein synthesis in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Hepatology 2002; 35: 898-904.
  • 29
    Mattsson N, Rönnemaa T, Juonala M, Viikari JS, Jokinen E, Hutri-Kähönen N, et al. Arterial structure and function in young adults with the metabolic syndrome: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. Eur Heart J 2008; 29: 784-791.
  • 30
    Tzou WS, Douglas PS, Srinivasan SR, Bond MG, Tang R, Chen W, et al. Increased subclinical atherosclerosis in young adults with metabolic syndrome: the Bogalusa Heart Study. J Am Coll Cardiol 2005; 46: 457-463.
  • 31
    Koskinen J, Kähönen M, Viikari JS, Taittonen L, Laitinen T, Rönnemaa T, et al. Conventional cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome in predicting carotid intima-media thickness progression in young adults: the cardiovascular risk in young Finns study. Circulation 2009; 120: 229-236.
  • 32
    Urbina EM, Kimball TR, McCoy CE, Khoury PR, Daniels SR, Dolan LM. Youth with obesity and obesity-related type 2 diabetes mellitus demonstrate abnormalities in carotid structure and function. Circulation 2009; 119: 2913-2919.
  • 33
    Reineher T, Wunsch R, de Sousa G, Toschke AM. Relationship between metabolic syndrome definitions for children and adolescents and intima-media thickness. Atherosclerosis 2008; 199: 193-200.
  • 34
    Hirsch AT, Folsom AR. The continuum of risk: vascular pathophysiology, function, and structure. Circulation 2004; 110: 2774-2777.