The reduction of SIRT1 in livers of old mice leads to impaired body homeostasis and to inhibition of liver proliferation

Authors

  • Jingling Jin,

    1. Huffington Center on Aging and Departments of Pathology and Immunology and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX
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  • Polina Iakova,

    1. Huffington Center on Aging and Departments of Pathology and Immunology and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX
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  • Yanjun Jiang,

    1. Huffington Center on Aging and Departments of Pathology and Immunology and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX
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  • Estela E. Medrano,

    1. Huffington Center on Aging and Departments of Pathology and Immunology and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX
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  • Nikolai A. Timchenko

    Corresponding author
    1. Huffington Center on Aging and Departments of Pathology and Immunology and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX
    • Department of Pathology and Immunology and Huffington Center on Aging, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030
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  • Potential conflict of interest: Nothing to report.

Abstract

Age declines liver functions, leading to the development of age-associated diseases. A member of the sirtuins family, SIRT1, is involved in the control of glucose homeostasis and fat metabolism. Because aging livers have alterations in glucose and fat metabolism, we examined a possible role of SIRT1 in these alterations. We found that aged livers have a reduced expression of SIRT1 and have lost proper control of the regulation of SIRT1 after partial hepatectomy (PH). Down-regulation of SIRT1 in the liver of old mice is mediated by CCAAT/Enhancer Binding Protein/histone deacetylase 1 (C/EBPβ-HDAC1) complexes, which bind to and repress the SIRT1 promoter. In the livers of young mice, SIRT1 is activated after PH and supports high levels of glucose and triglycerides during liver regeneration. In old mice, however, C/EBPβ-HDAC1–mediated repression of the SIRT1 promoter blocks activation of SIRT1, leading to low levels of glucose and triglycerides during liver regeneration. Down-regulation of SIRT1 in the livers of young mice resulted in alterations similar to those observed in the livers of old mice, whereas the normalization of SIRT1 in the livers of old mice corrects the levels of glucose and triglycerides after PH. The normalization of SIRT1 in old mice also improves liver regeneration via the elimination of the C/EBPα-Brm complex. These studies showed a critical role of the reduction of SIRT1 in age-associated liver dysfunctions and provide a potential tool for the correction of liver functions in old patients after surgical resections. (HEPATOLOGY 2011;)

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