• 1
    Brunt EM, Janney CG, Di Bisceglie AM, Neuschwander-Tetri BA, Bacon BR. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis: a proposal for grading and staging the histological lesions. Am J Gastroenterol 1999; 94: 2467-2474.
    Direct Link:
  • 2
    Bhala N, Angulo P, van der Poorten D, Lee E, Hui JM, Saracco G, et al. The natural history of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease with advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis: an international collaborative study. HEPATOLOGY 2011; 54: 1208-1216.
  • 3
    Hofmann AF. Bile acid sequestrants improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes: a proposed mechanism implicating glucagon-like peptide 1 release. HEPATOLOGY 2011; 53: 1784.
  • 4
    Rosenson RS, Abby SL, Jones MR. Colesevelam HCl effects on atherogenic lipoprotein subclasses in subjects with type 2 diabetes. Atherosclerosis 2009; 204: 342-344.
  • 5
    Goldberg RB, Fonseca VA, Truitt KE, Jones MR. Efficacy and safety of colesevelam in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and inadequate glycemic control receiving insulin-based therapy. Arch Intern Med 2008; 168: 1531-1540.
  • 6
    Sonnett TE, Levien TL, Neumiller JJ, Gates BJ, Setter SM. Colesevelam hydrochloride for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Clin Ther 2009; 31: 245-259.
  • 7
    Taniai M, Hashimoto E, Tobari M, Yatsuji S, Haruta I, Tokushige K, et al. Treatment of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis with colestimide. Hepatol Res 2009; 39: 685-693.
  • 8
    Fishbein M, Castro F, Cheruku S, Jain S, Webb B, Gleason T, et al. Hepatic MRI for fat quantitation: its relationship to fat morphology, diagnosis, and ultrasound. J Clin Gastroenterol 2005; 39: 619-625.
  • 9
    Lee SS, Park SH, Kim HJ, Kim SY, Kim MY, Kim DY, et al. Non-invasive assessment of hepatic steatosis: prospective comparison of the accuracy of imaging examinations. J Hepatol 2010; 52: 579-585.
  • 10
    Dufour JF, Oneta CM, Gonvers JJ, Bihl F, Cerny A, Cereda JM, et al. Randomized placebo-controlled trial of ursodeoxycholic acid with vitamin e in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2006; 4: 1537-1543.
  • 11
    McPherson S, Jonsson JR, Cowin GJ, O'Rourke P, Clouston AD, Volp A, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy accurately estimate the severity of steatosis provided the stage of fibrosis is considered. J Hepatol 2009; 51: 389-397.
  • 12
    Pacifico L, Martino MD, Catalano C, Panebianco V, Bezzi M, Anania C, et al. T1-weighted dual-echo MRI for fat quantification in pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. World J Gastroenterol 2011; 17: 3012-3019.
  • 13
    Hines CD, Frydrychowicz A, Hamilton G, Tudorascu DL, Vigen KK, Yu H, et al. T(1) independent, T(2) (*) corrected chemical shift based fat-water separation with multi-peak fat spectral modeling is an accurate and precise measure of hepatic steatosis. J Magn Reson Imaging 2011; 33: 873-881.
  • 14
    Kang GH, Cruite I, Shiehmorteza M, Wolfson T, Gamst AC, Hamilton G, et al. Reproducibility of MRI-determined proton density fat fraction across two different MR scanner platforms. J Magn Reson Imaging 2011; 34: 928-934.
  • 15
    Meisamy S, Hines CD, Hamilton G, Sirlin CB, McKenzie CA, Yu H, et al. Quantification of hepatic steatosis with T1-independent, T2-corrected MR imaging with spectral modeling of fat: blinded comparison with MR spectroscopy. Radiology 2011; 258: 767-775.
  • 16
    Kleiner DE, Brunt EM, Van Natta M, Behling C, Contos MJ, Cummings OW, et al. Design and validation of a histological scoring system for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. HEPATOLOGY 2005; 41: 1313-1321.
  • 17
    Davidson MH, Dillon MA, Gordon B, Jones P, Samuels J, Weiss S, et al. Colesevelam hydrochloride (cholestagel): a new, potent bile acid sequestrant associated with a low incidence of gastrointestinal side effects. Arch Intern Med 1999; 159: 1893-1900.
  • 18
    Brufau G, Stellaard F, Prado K, Bloks VW, Jonkers E, Boverhof R, et al. Improved glycemic control with colesevelam treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes is not directly associated with changes in bile acid metabolism. HEPATOLOGY 2010; 52: 1455-1464.
  • 19
    Herrema H, Meissner M, van Dijk TH, Brufau G, Boverhof R, Oosterveer MH, et al. Bile salt sequestration induces hepatic de novo lipogenesis through farnesoid X receptor- and liver X receptor alpha-controlled metabolic pathways in mice. HEPATOLOGY 2010; 51: 806-816.
  • 20
    Robinson DM, Keating GM. Colesevelam: a review of its use in hypercholesterolemia. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs 2007; 7: 453-465.