MicroRNA-140 acts as a liver tumor suppressor by controlling NF-κB activity by directly targeting DNA methyltransferase 1 (Dnmt1) expression


  • Potential conflict of interest: Nothing to report.

  • Supported by Grants-in-Aid from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan (#22390058, #23590960, and #20390204) (M. O., T. G., and K. K.); Health Sciences Research Grants from the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan (Research on Hepatitis) (to K. K.); National Institutes of Health Grant R01AI088229 (to Y. J. K.); the Miyakawa Memorial Research Foundation (to A. T.); and grants from the Sagawa Foundation for Promotion of Cancer Research, the Astellas Foundation for Research on Metabolic Disorders, and the Cell Science Research Foundation (to M. O.).


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs that regulate the expression of specific target genes. While deregulated miRNA expression levels have been detected in many tumors, whether miRNA functional impairment is also involved in carcinogenesis remains unknown. We investigated whether deregulation of miRNA machinery components and subsequent functional impairment of miRNAs are involved in hepatocarcinogenesis. Among miRNA-containing ribonucleoprotein complex components, reduced expression of DDX20 was frequently observed in human hepatocellular carcinomas, in which enhanced nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activity is believed to be closely linked to carcinogenesis. Because DDX20 normally suppresses NF-κB activity by preferentially regulating the function of the NF-κB-suppressing miRNA-140, we hypothesized that impairment of miRNA-140 function may be involved in hepatocarcinogenesis. DNA methyltransferase 1 (Dnmt1) was identified as a direct target of miRNA-140, and increased Dnmt1 expression in DDX20-deficient cells hypermethylated the promoters of metallothionein genes, resulting in decreased metallothionein expression leading to enhanced NF-κB activity. MiRNA-140-knockout mice were prone to hepatocarcinogenesis and had a phenotype similar to that of DDX20 deficiency, suggesting that miRNA-140 plays a central role in DDX20 deficiency-related pathogenesis. Conclusion: These results indicate that miRNA-140 acts as a liver tumor suppressor, and that impairment of miRNA-140 function due to a deficiency of DDX20, a miRNA machinery component, could lead to hepatocarcinogenesis. (HEPATOLOGY 2013)