SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Armstrong G, Wasley A, Simard E, McQuillan G, Kuhnert W, Alter M. The prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection in the United States, 1999 through 2002. Ann Intern Med 2006; 144: 705714.
  • 2
    Recommendations for prevention and control of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and HCV-related chronic disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. MMWR Recomm Rep 1998; 47: 138.
  • 3
    Terrault NA. Sexual activity as a risk factor for hepatitis C. HEPATOLOGY 2002; 36( 5 Suppl. 1): S99S105.
  • 4
    Alter M, Coleman P, Alexander J, Kramer E, Miller JK, Mandel E, et al. Importance of heterosexual activity in the transmission of hepatitis B and non-A non-B hepatitis. JAMA 1989; 262: 12011205.
  • 5
    Tahan V, Karaca C, Yildirim B, Bozbas A, Ozaras R, Demir K, et al. Sexual transmission of HCV between spouses. Am J Gastroenterol 2005; 100: 821824.
    Direct Link:
  • 6
    Vandelli C, Renzo F, Romanò L, Tisminetzky S, De Palma M, Stroffolini T, et al. Lack of evidence of sexual transmission of hepatitis C among monogamous couples: results of a 10-year prospective follow-up study. Am J Gastroenterol 2004; 99: 855859.
    Direct Link:
  • 7
    Piazza M, Sagliocca L, Tosome G, Guadagnino V, Stazi MA, Orlando R, et al. Sexual transmission of hepatitis C virus and efficacy of prophylaxis with intramuscular immune serum globulin. Arch Intern Med 1997; 157: 15371544.
  • 8
    Gordon S, Patel A, Kulesza G, Barnes R, Silverman A. Lack of evidence for the heterosexual transmission of hepatitis C. Am J Gastroenterol 1992; 87: 18491851.
  • 9
    Osmond D, Padian N, Sheppard H, Glass S, Shiboski S, Reingold A. Risk factors for hepatitis C virus seropositivity in heterosexual couples. JAMA 1993; 269: 361365.
  • 10
    Dixit V. Quan, S, Martin P, Larson D, Brezina M, DiNello R, et al. Evaluation of a novel serotyping system for hepatitis C virus: strong correlation with standard genotyping methodologies. J Clin Microbiol 1995; 33: 29782983.
  • 11
    Yao E, Tavis JE. A general method for nested RT-PCR amplification and sequencing the complete HCV genotype 1 open reading frame. Virol J 2005; 2: 88.
  • 12
    Ogata N, Alter H, Miller R, Purcell R. Nucleotide sequence and mutation rate of the H strain of hepatitis C virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1991; 88: 33923396.
  • 13
    Okamoto H, Kurai K, Okada S, Yamamoto K, Lizuka H, Tanaka T, et al. Full-length sequence of a hepatitis C virus genome having poor homology to reported isolates: comparative study of four distinct genotypes. Virology 1992; 188: 331341.
  • 14
    Fried M, Shindo M, Fong T, Fox P, Hoofnagle J, Di Biscigelie A. Absence of hepatitis C viral RNA from saliva and semen of patients with chronic hepatitis C. Gastroenterology 1992; 102: 13061308.
  • 15
    Leruez-Ville M, Kunstmann J, De Almeida M, Rouzioux C, Chaix M. Detection of hepatitis C virus in the semen of infected men. Lancet 2000; 356: 4243.
  • 16
    Semprini A, Persico T, Thiers V, Oneta M, Tuveri R, Serafini P, et al. Absence of hepatitis C virus and detection of hepatitis G virus/GB virus C RNA sequences in the semen of infected men. J Infect Dis 1998; 177: 848854.
  • 17
    Liou T-C, Chang T-T, Young K-C, Lin X-Z, Lin C-Y, Wu H-L. Detection of HCV RNA in saliva, urine, seminal fluid and ascites. J Med Virol 1992; 37: 197202.
  • 18
    Bourlet T, Lornage J, Maertens A, Garret AS, Saoudin H, Tardy JC, et al. Prospective evaluation of the threat related to the use of seminal fractions from hepatitis C virus-infected men in assisted reproductive techniques. Hum Reprod 2009; 24: 530535.
  • 19
    Hofer H, Donnerer J, Sator K, Staufer K, Scherzer TM, Dejaco C, et al. Seminal fluid ribavirin level and functional semen parameters in patients with chronic hepatitis C on antiviral combination therapy. J Hepatol 2010; 52: 812816.
  • 20
    Cassuto N, Sifer C, Feldmann G, Bouret D, Moret F, Benifla JL, et al. A modified RT-PCR technique to screen for viral RNA in the semen of hepatitis C virus-positive men. Hum Reprod 2002; 17: 3153156.
  • 21
    Qian W-P, Tan Y-Q, Chen Y, et al. Rapid quantification of semen hepatitis B virus DNA by real-time polymerase chain reaction. World J Gastroenterol 2005; 11: 53855389.
  • 22
    Shepard R, Schock J, Robertson K, Shugars DC, Dyer J, Vernazza P, et al. Quantitation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA in different biological compartments. J Clin Microbiol 2000; 38: 14141418.
  • 23
    Brejt N, Gilleece Y, Fisher M. Acute hepatitis C: changing epidemiology and association with HIV infection. J HIV Ther 2007; 12: 36.
  • 24
    Kenny-Walsh E. Clinical outcomes after hepatitis C infection from contaminated anti-D immune globulin. Irish Hepatology Research Group. N Engl J Med 1999; 340: 12281233.
  • 25
    Wiese M, Berr F, Lafrenz M, Porst H, Oesen U. Low frequency of cirrhosis in a hepatitis C (genotype 1b) single-source outbreak in Germany: a 20-year multicenter study. HEPATOLOGY 2000; 32: 9196.
  • 26
    Rodger A, Roberts S, Lanigan A, Bowden S, Brown T, Crofts N. Assessment of long-term outcomes of community-acquired hepatitis C infection in a cohort with sera stored from 1971 to 1975. HEPATOLOGY 2000; 32: 582587.