Intrapulmonary shunt confirmed by intracardiac echocardiography in the diagnosis of hepatopulmonary syndrome


  • Potential conflict of interest: Dr. Krasuski consults and is on the speakers' bureau for Actelion. He consults for Gilead and advises Ventripoint.

  • This publication was made possible by CTSA KL2 (grant no.: RR024990) from the National Center for Research Resources, a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the NIH Roadmap for Medical Research.

Address reprint requests to: Adriano Tonelli, M.D., Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue A-90, Cleveland, OH 44195. E-mail:; fax: 216-445-6024.

No abstract is available for this article.