Involvement of calcium in macrophage leukotriene release during experimental cirrhosis

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to assess the mechanism of 5-lipoxygenase metabolites (LT) secretion by peritoneal macrophages in rats wih CC14 induced cirrhosis. After stimulation with calcium ionophore A23187 or opsonized zymosan, [3H] arachidonic acid labeled macrophages from cirrhotic rats presented a significantly greater secretion of LT than macrophages from healthy controls. In addition, the phorbol ester TPA (protein kinase C activator) increased LT production only in macrophages from cirrhotic animals and not in controls. Although Ca2+ is thought to be involved in 5 lipoxygenase activation, the role of Ca2+ in LT production was studied. The use of a Ca2+-free medium as well as the addition of TMB-8 (an inhibitor of intra-cellular Ca2+ movements and of plasma membrane Ca2+ fluxes) resulted in a fall in LT production greater for macrophages from cirrhotic animals than for controls. The measurement of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration by cytofluorimetry showed that Fluo-3 loaded macrophages from cirrhotic rats had a greater cytosolic CA2+ concentration than macrophages from control animals both in basal conditions and after A23187 stimulation. Study of 45Ca2+ uptake suggest, that extra-cellular Ca2+ is implicated in the elevated cytosolic Ca2+ observed in macrophages from cirrhotic animals as compared to healthy controls. The greater Ca2+ concentration observed in macrophages from cirrhotic rats was not related to a difference in phospholipase C activation because inositol phosphate production did not differ between macrophages from healthy and cirrhotic animals. Taken together these results suggest that as compared to healthy animals, the greater LT production during cirrhosis could be dependent upon a difference in 5-lipoxygenase activation related to a rise in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration independently of inositol phosphates generation.

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